Date: Tue, 16 Apr 2019 14:21:59 +0200 From: Alexander Potapenko <glider@...gle.com> To: Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org> Cc: linux-security-module <linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>, Linux Memory Management List <linux-mm@...ck.org>, Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>, Kostya Serebryany <kcc@...gle.com>, Dmitriy Vyukov <dvyukov@...gle.com>, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, Sandeep Patil <sspatil@...roid.com>, Laura Abbott <labbott@...hat.com>, Kernel Hardening <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com> Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm: security: introduce CONFIG_INIT_HEAP_ALL On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 4:02 AM Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org> wrote: > > On Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:45:01 +0200 Alexander Potapenko <glider@...gle.com> wrote: > > > This config option adds the possibility to initialize newly allocated > > pages and heap objects with zeroes. > > At what cost? Some performance test results would help this along. I'll make more measurements for the new implementation, but the preliminary results are: ~0.17% sys time slowdown (~0% wall time slowdown) on hackbench (1 CPU); 1.3% sys time slowdown (0.2% wall time slowdown) when building Linux with -j12; 4% sys time slowdown (2.6% wall time slowdown) on af_inet_loopback benchmark; up to 100% slowdown on netperf (caused by sk buffers being initialized multiple times; also netperf is too fast to perform any precise measurements) Are there any benchmarks you can recommend? > > This is needed to prevent possible > > information leaks and make the control-flow bugs that depend on > > uninitialized values more deterministic. > > > > Initialization is done at allocation time at the places where checks for > > __GFP_ZERO are performed. We don't initialize slab caches with > > constructors or SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU to preserve their semantics. > > > > For kernel testing purposes filling allocations with a nonzero pattern > > would be more suitable, but may require platform-specific code. To have > > a simple baseline we've decided to start with zero-initialization. > > > > No performance optimizations are done at the moment to reduce double > > initialization of memory regions. > > Requiring a kernel rebuild is rather user-hostile. This is intended to be used together with other hardening measures, like CONFIG_INIT_STACK_ALL (see a patchset by Kees). All of those require a kernel rebuild, but we assume users don't push and pull that lever back and forth often. > A boot option > (early_param()) would be much more useful and I expect that the loss in > coverage would be small and acceptable? Could possibly use the > static_branch infrastructure. I'll try that out and see if there's a notable performance difference. > > --- a/mm/slab.h > > +++ b/mm/slab.h > > @@ -167,6 +167,16 @@ static inline slab_flags_t kmem_cache_flags(unsigned int object_size, > > SLAB_TEMPORARY | \ > > SLAB_ACCOUNT) > > > > +/* > > + * Do we need to initialize this allocation? > > + * Always true for __GFP_ZERO, CONFIG_INIT_HEAP_ALL enforces initialization > > + * of caches without constructors and RCU. > > + */ > > +#define SLAB_WANT_INIT(cache, gfp_flags) \ > > + ((GFP_INIT_ALWAYS_ON && !(cache)->ctor && \ > > + !((cache)->flags & SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU)) || \ > > + (gfp_flags & __GFP_ZERO)) > > Is there any reason why this *must* be implemented as a macro? If not, > it should be written in C please. Agreed. Even in the case we want GFP_INIT_ALWAYS_ON to be known at compile time there's no reason for this to be a macro. > -- Alexander Potapenko Software Engineer Google Germany GmbH Erika-Mann-Straße, 33 80636 München Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891 Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
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