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Date: Wed, 09 Oct 2013 18:53:26 -0600
From: Kurt Seifried <kseifried@...hat.com>
To: oss-security@...ts.openwall.com
CC: Rich Felker <dalias@...ifal.cx>
Subject: Re: Source of bad password hashing practices? MySQL
 manual...

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On 10/09/2013 03:16 PM, Chris Palmer wrote:
> There is more bad advice on that page:
> 
> """ ...Even passwords like“xfish98” are very bad. Much better is
> “duag98” which contains the same word “fish” but typed one key to
> the left on a standard QWERTY keyboard. ... """
> 
> And then a rather wacky assertion:
> 
> """Invest in a firewall. This protects you from at least 50% of
> all types of exploits in any software. Put MySQL behind the
> firewall or in a demilitarized zone (DMZ)."""
> 
> Ideally, someone (Seth Arnold started; want to finish?) should
> rewrite all the bad stuff on that page, and send it to MySQL's
> security contact as a patch. I'd remove the password creation
> advice completely (other sources do a better job), and change the
> firewall thing to just say something along the lines of, "Avoid
> exposing MySQL to the internet... if you must, require
> authentication... if you must, use TLS or an SSH tunnel... If you
> use TLS, make sure the client correctly authenticates your server,
> such as by checking for a specific end-entity certificate/key or a
> specific issuer certificate/key...".
> 
> Part of the rewrite should be some advice along the lines of,
> "MySQL offers a delightful built-in function you can use for
> storing passwords, SCRYPT(). Prefer SCRYPT to other mechanisms like
> MD5(), ENCRYPT(), or ... Please note that the ENCRYPT() function is
> not safe and has been deprecated as of... To verify passwords,
> check that SCRYPT(...) = scrypted_password in your WHERE clause...
> Do not log plaintext passwords..." And then give them a patch to
> implement SCRYPT and to log a deprecation warning when ENCRYPT is
> used.
> 
> Easier said than done, of course; but I wanted to make the point
> that Rich was right to raise this issue here (or, at least,
> somewhere). Does anyone know the right MySQL security contact? It
> isn't immediately obvious from a few web searches, but maybe 
> secalert_us@...cle.com is right? Making that clear, and maybe 
> publishing a PGP key, is another thing they could do...
> 

One note, has anyone checked the MariaDB documentation, Percona and so on?

- -- 
Kurt Seifried Red Hat Security Response Team (SRT)
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