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Date: Mon, 26 Oct 2015 17:37:20 -0700
From: Tim Hockin <>
Subject: Re: Re: Would love to see reconsideration for domain and search

wrt 2) my understanding is that you get at-most-one-of `search` or `domain`.

On Mon, Oct 26, 2015 at 5:30 PM, Rich Felker <> wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 23, 2015 at 01:31:09AM -0400, Rich Felker wrote:
>> > > BTW I think there are other strong reasons to move to a model based on
>> > > a local nameserver that does the unioning, not just performance. The
>> > > most compelling is DNSSEC, which requires a trusted channel between
>> > > the nameserver and the stub resolver in order for results to be
>> > > meaningful/trusted. In the future everybody should be running a
>> > > nameserver on localhost to do DNSSEC signature validation. In that
>> > > scheme, resolv.conf would just contain (or could be omitted
>> > > entirely since that's the default, at least on musl).
>> >
>> > I can see a local nameserver doing resolution, but doing search
>> > expansion seems like a stretch (and superfluous since it is local).
>> Search would also get a lot of performance benefit from doing in the
>> caching nameserver, but I agree with your assessment that it's a
>> separate issue and that there's no _need_ to do it at that level to
>> ensure correctness. So for now let's focus on a plan for adding
>> suitable search domain support in musl.
>> I believe search only affects DNS queries, not hosts file lookups,
>> right? So it should be at the name_from_dns stage in lookup_name.c.
>> The simplest implementation approach is probably to wrap name_from_dns
>> with a name_from_dns_search function that reads the search domains and
>> repeatedly calls name_from_dns until it gets success.
> I noticed in the process of trying to draft code to do this that there
> will be a lot of code duplication with the resolv.conf parsing in
> res_msend.c, and that this code has some stupid bugs (for example it
> stops parsing after it gets 3 nameservers, so it might miss options
> later in the file), so I think I'll take a look at factoring it into a
> new function to gather all the interesting information from
> resolv.conf that can be used in both places.
> A couple additional things I noticed from resolv.conf(5):
> 1. The default domain used by glibc is not the dns root but rather the
>    domain portion of the local hostname determined by gethostname().
>    Is there any value in duplicating this? Does anyone want/need it?
> 2. It's not clear from the documentation of "search" whether its
>    presence overrides/suppresses the "domain" (default or set by
>    resolv.conf) or adds additional searches before or after it. Which
>    should it do?
> While glibc/legacy behavior is worth looking at, I don't think we need
> to look at things from a standpoint of exactly duplicating that.
> Meeting real-world modern application needs while avoiding
> inconveniencing users with stupid/unwanted behavior should be the
> primary goal.
> Rich

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