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Date: Thu, 21 Aug 2014 17:15:11 +0200
From: Natanael Copa <>
Subject: the definition of (u)int64_t with gcc -m32 in stdint.h


After migrating from uclibc to musl libc the Xen hvmloader broke. This
is a 32bit bootloader that is built on 64 bit hosts with gcc -m32.

Someone told me breakage had to do with datastructs beeing 64 bit even
with -m32. I also saw someone comment that it shoudl been built with

I tried this and it revealed that yes, indeed, the hvmloader does use
the host system stdint.h and stdarg.h.

Curious on why it works on uclibc but not with musl i found out that
uclibc/glibc sets (u)int64_t depening on __WORDSIZE:

# if __WORDSIZE == 64
typedef long int                int64_t;
# else
typedef long long int           int64_t;
# endif

and wordsize is set in /usr/include/bits/wordsize.h:
/* Determine the wordsize from the preprocessor defines.  */

#if defined __x86_64__
# define __WORDSIZE     64
/* This makes /var/run/utmp compatible with 32-bit environment: */
# define __WORDSIZE_COMPAT32    1
# define __WORDSIZE     32

the __x86_64__ define is set by gcc and is set differently when -m32 is
specified or not.

A testcase. On uclibc 64 bit host:
dev-2-7-x86_64:~$ echo '#include <stdint.h>' | gcc -m32 -E - | grep int64
typedef long long int int64_t;
typedef unsigned long long int uint64_t;

Same on musl libc 64 bit host:
$ echo '#include <stdint.h>' | gcc -m32 -E - | grep int64
typedef long int64_t;
typedef unsigned long uint64_t;
typedef int64_t int_fast64_t;
typedef int64_t int_least64_t;
typedef uint64_t uint_fast64_t;
typedef uint64_t uint_least64_t;

so on musl it is 'long' but on uclibc its 'long long int'.

That explains why it works on uclibc but not on musl.

Now, what is the proper way to fix it? Preferible without replacing
all (u)int*_t all places in xen code. I doubt upstream will accept that.


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