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Date: Wed, 10 Apr 2019 09:16:10 -0700
From: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Alexander Potapenko <glider@...gle.com>,
	Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
	Kostya Serebryany <kcc@...gle.com>,
	Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@...gle.com>,
	Sandeep Patil <sspatil@...roid.com>,
	Laura Abbott <labbott@...hat.com>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
	Alexander Popov <alpopov@...ecurity.com>,
	Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>,
	Emese Revfy <re.emese@...il.com>,
	James Morris <jmorris@...ei.org>,
	"Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>,
	linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org,
	kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com
Subject: [PATCH 1/3] Kconfig: Create "kernel hardening" config area

Right now kernel hardening options are scattered around various Kconfig
files. This can be a central place to collect these kinds of options
going forward.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
---
 scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig | 70 ++-------------------------
 security/Kconfig            |  2 +
 security/Kconfig.hardening  | 94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 security/Kconfig.hardening

diff --git a/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig b/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig
index 74271dba4f94..01874ef0f883 100644
--- a/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig
+++ b/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig
@@ -13,10 +13,11 @@ config HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
 	  An arch should select this symbol if it supports building with
 	  GCC plugins.
 
-menuconfig GCC_PLUGINS
-	bool "GCC plugins"
+config GCC_PLUGINS
+	bool
 	depends on HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
 	depends on PLUGIN_HOSTCC != ""
+	default y
 	help
 	  GCC plugins are loadable modules that provide extra features to the
 	  compiler. They are useful for runtime instrumentation and static analysis.
@@ -66,71 +67,6 @@ config GCC_PLUGIN_LATENT_ENTROPY
 	   * https://grsecurity.net/
 	   * https://pax.grsecurity.net/
 
-config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
-	bool "Zero initialize stack variables"
-	help
-	  While the kernel is built with warnings enabled for any missed
-	  stack variable initializations, this warning is silenced for
-	  anything passed by reference to another function, under the
-	  occasionally misguided assumption that the function will do
-	  the initialization. As this regularly leads to exploitable
-	  flaws, this plugin is available to identify and zero-initialize
-	  such variables, depending on the chosen level of coverage.
-
-	  This plugin was originally ported from grsecurity/PaX. More
-	  information at:
-	   * https://grsecurity.net/
-	   * https://pax.grsecurity.net/
-
-choice
-	prompt "Coverage"
-	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
-	default GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
-	help
-	  This chooses the level of coverage over classes of potentially
-	  uninitialized variables. The selected class will be
-	  zero-initialized before use.
-
-	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER
-		bool "structs marked for userspace"
-		help
-		  Zero-initialize any structures on the stack containing
-		  a __user attribute. This can prevent some classes of
-		  uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
-		  exposures, like CVE-2013-2141:
-		  https://git.kernel.org/linus/b9e146d8eb3b9eca
-
-	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF
-		bool "structs passed by reference"
-		help
-		  Zero-initialize any structures on the stack that may
-		  be passed by reference and had not already been
-		  explicitly initialized. This can prevent most classes
-		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
-		  exposures, like CVE-2017-1000410:
-		  https://git.kernel.org/linus/06e7e776ca4d3654
-
-	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
-		bool "anything passed by reference"
-		help
-		  Zero-initialize any stack variables that may be passed
-		  by reference and had not already been explicitly
-		  initialized. This is intended to eliminate all classes
-		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
-		  exposures.
-
-endchoice
-
-config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE
-	bool "Report forcefully initialized variables"
-	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
-	depends on !COMPILE_TEST	# too noisy
-	help
-	  This option will cause a warning to be printed each time the
-	  structleak plugin finds a variable it thinks needs to be
-	  initialized. Since not all existing initializers are detected
-	  by the plugin, this can produce false positive warnings.
-
 config GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT
 	bool "Randomize layout of sensitive kernel structures"
 	select MODVERSIONS if MODULES
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index 1d6463fb1450..7aec8d094ce2 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -249,5 +249,7 @@ config LSM
 
 	  If unsure, leave this as the default.
 
+source "security/Kconfig.hardening"
+
 endmenu
 
diff --git a/security/Kconfig.hardening b/security/Kconfig.hardening
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8223a8ab1a12
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/Kconfig.hardening
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+menu "Kernel hardening options"
+
+config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+	bool
+	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER || GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF || GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
+	help
+	  While the kernel is built with warnings enabled for any missed
+	  stack variable initializations, this warning is silenced for
+	  anything passed by reference to another function, under the
+	  occasionally misguided assumption that the function will do
+	  the initialization. As this regularly leads to exploitable
+	  flaws, this plugin is available to identify and zero-initialize
+	  such variables, depending on the chosen level of coverage.
+
+	  This plugin was originally ported from grsecurity/PaX. More
+	  information at:
+	   * https://grsecurity.net/
+	   * https://pax.grsecurity.net/
+
+menu "Memory initialization"
+
+choice
+	prompt "Initialize kernel stack variables at function entry"
+	depends on CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT || GCC_PLUGINS
+	default INIT_STACK_NONE
+	help
+	  This option enables initialization of stack variables at
+	  function entry time. This has the possibility to have the
+	  greatest coverage (since all functions can have their
+	  variables initialized), but the performance impact depends
+	  on the function calling complexity of a given workload's
+	  syscalls.
+
+	  This chooses the level of coverage over classes of potentially
+	  uninitialized variables. The selected class will be
+	  initialized before use in a function.
+
+	config INIT_STACK_NONE
+		bool "no automatic initialization (weakest)"
+		help
+		  Disable automatic stack variable initialization.
+		  This leaves the kernel vulnerable to the standard
+		  classes of uninitialized stack variable exploits
+		  and information exposures.
+
+	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER
+		bool "zero-init structs marked for userspace (weak)"
+		depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+		select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+		help
+		  Zero-initialize any structures on the stack containing
+		  a __user attribute. This can prevent some classes of
+		  uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
+		  exposures, like CVE-2013-2141:
+		  https://git.kernel.org/linus/b9e146d8eb3b9eca
+
+	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF
+		bool "zero-init structs passed by reference (strong)"
+		depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+		select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+		help
+		  Zero-initialize any structures on the stack that may
+		  be passed by reference and had not already been
+		  explicitly initialized. This can prevent most classes
+		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
+		  exposures, like CVE-2017-1000410:
+		  https://git.kernel.org/linus/06e7e776ca4d3654
+
+	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
+		bool "zero-init anything passed by reference (very strong)"
+		depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+		select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+		help
+		  Zero-initialize any stack variables that may be passed
+		  by reference and had not already been explicitly
+		  initialized. This is intended to eliminate all classes
+		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
+		  exposures.
+
+endchoice
+
+config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE
+	bool "Report forcefully initialized variables"
+	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+	depends on !COMPILE_TEST	# too noisy
+	help
+	  This option will cause a warning to be printed each time the
+	  structleak plugin finds a variable it thinks needs to be
+	  initialized. Since not all existing initializers are detected
+	  by the plugin, this can produce false positive warnings.
+
+endmenu
+
+endmenu
-- 
2.17.1

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