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Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2018 17:02:49 -0800
From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>
To: tglx@...utronix.de, mingo@...nel.org
Cc: linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
 Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com,
 gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, x86@...nel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
 Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
 "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, torvalds@...ux-foundation.org,
 alan@...ux.intel.com
Subject: [PATCH v6 07/13] x86, __get_user: use __uaccess_begin_nospec

Quoting Linus:

    I do think that it would be a good idea to very expressly document
    the fact that it's not that the user access itself is unsafe. I do
    agree that things like "get_user()" want to be protected, but not
    because of any direct bugs or problems with get_user() and friends,
    but simply because get_user() is an excellent source of a pointer
    that is obviously controlled from a potentially attacking user
    space. So it's a prime candidate for then finding _subsequent_
    accesses that can then be used to perturb the cache.

__uaccess_begin_nospec() covers __get_user() and copy_from_iter() where
the limit check is far away from the user pointer de-reference. In those
cases a barrier_nospec() prevents speculation with a potential pointer to
privileged memory.

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Suggested-by: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
Cc: x86@...nel.org
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h    |    6 +++---
 arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_32.h |    6 +++---
 arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h |   12 ++++++------
 arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c        |    4 ++--
 4 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
index 663e9bde9fc9..aae77eb8491c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -450,7 +450,7 @@ do {									\
 ({									\
 	int __gu_err;							\
 	__inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val;					\
-	__uaccess_begin();						\
+	__uaccess_begin_nospec();					\
 	__get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), (size), __gu_err, -EFAULT);	\
 	__uaccess_end();						\
 	(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val;			\
@@ -557,7 +557,7 @@ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; };
  *	get_user_ex(...);
  * } get_user_catch(err)
  */
-#define get_user_try		uaccess_try
+#define get_user_try		uaccess_try_nospec
 #define get_user_catch(err)	uaccess_catch(err)
 
 #define get_user_ex(x, ptr)	do {					\
@@ -591,7 +591,7 @@ extern void __cmpxchg_wrong_size(void)
 	__typeof__(ptr) __uval = (uval);				\
 	__typeof__(*(ptr)) __old = (old);				\
 	__typeof__(*(ptr)) __new = (new);				\
-	__uaccess_begin();						\
+	__uaccess_begin_nospec();					\
 	switch (size) {							\
 	case 1:								\
 	{								\
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_32.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_32.h
index 72950401b223..ba2dc1930630 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_32.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_32.h
@@ -29,21 +29,21 @@ raw_copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
 		switch (n) {
 		case 1:
 			ret = 0;
-			__uaccess_begin();
+			__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 			__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u8 *)to, from, ret,
 					      "b", "b", "=q", 1);
 			__uaccess_end();
 			return ret;
 		case 2:
 			ret = 0;
-			__uaccess_begin();
+			__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 			__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u16 *)to, from, ret,
 					      "w", "w", "=r", 2);
 			__uaccess_end();
 			return ret;
 		case 4:
 			ret = 0;
-			__uaccess_begin();
+			__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 			__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u32 *)to, from, ret,
 					      "l", "k", "=r", 4);
 			__uaccess_end();
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
index f07ef3c575db..62546b3a398e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
@@ -55,31 +55,31 @@ raw_copy_from_user(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size)
 		return copy_user_generic(dst, (__force void *)src, size);
 	switch (size) {
 	case 1:
-		__uaccess_begin();
+		__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 		__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u8 *)dst, (u8 __user *)src,
 			      ret, "b", "b", "=q", 1);
 		__uaccess_end();
 		return ret;
 	case 2:
-		__uaccess_begin();
+		__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 		__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u16 *)dst, (u16 __user *)src,
 			      ret, "w", "w", "=r", 2);
 		__uaccess_end();
 		return ret;
 	case 4:
-		__uaccess_begin();
+		__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 		__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u32 *)dst, (u32 __user *)src,
 			      ret, "l", "k", "=r", 4);
 		__uaccess_end();
 		return ret;
 	case 8:
-		__uaccess_begin();
+		__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 		__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u64 *)dst, (u64 __user *)src,
 			      ret, "q", "", "=r", 8);
 		__uaccess_end();
 		return ret;
 	case 10:
-		__uaccess_begin();
+		__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 		__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u64 *)dst, (u64 __user *)src,
 			       ret, "q", "", "=r", 10);
 		if (likely(!ret))
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ raw_copy_from_user(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size)
 		__uaccess_end();
 		return ret;
 	case 16:
-		__uaccess_begin();
+		__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 		__get_user_asm_nozero(*(u64 *)dst, (u64 __user *)src,
 			       ret, "q", "", "=r", 16);
 		if (likely(!ret))
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c
index de3436719e26..7add8ba06887 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c
@@ -331,7 +331,7 @@ do {									\
 
 unsigned long __copy_user_ll(void *to, const void *from, unsigned long n)
 {
-	__uaccess_begin();
+	__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 	if (movsl_is_ok(to, from, n))
 		__copy_user(to, from, n);
 	else
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__copy_user_ll);
 unsigned long __copy_from_user_ll_nocache_nozero(void *to, const void __user *from,
 					unsigned long n)
 {
-	__uaccess_begin();
+	__uaccess_begin_nospec();
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY
 	if (n > 64 && static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM2))
 		n = __copy_user_intel_nocache(to, from, n);

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