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Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2018 17:02:33 -0800
From: Dan Williams <>
Cc:, Tom Lendacky <>,
 Andi Kleen <>, Kees Cook <>,,,,, Ingo Molnar <>,
 Al Viro <>, "H. Peter Anvin" <>,,
Subject: [PATCH v6 04/13] x86: introduce barrier_nospec

Rename the open coded form of this instruction sequence from
rdtsc_ordered() into a generic barrier primitive, barrier_nospec().

One of the mitigations for Spectre variant1 vulnerabilities is to fence
speculative execution after successfully validating a bounds check. I.e.
force the result of a bounds check to resolve in the instruction
pipeline to ensure speculative execution honors that result before
potentially operating on out-of-bounds data.

There are no functional changes in this patch.

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Suggested-by: Andi Kleen <>
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <>
Cc: Al Viro <>
Cc: Kees Cook <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <>
 arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h |    4 ++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h     |    3 +--
 2 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
index 551ccbe07c0f..1e7c955b6303 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -48,6 +48,10 @@ static inline unsigned long array_index_mask_nospec(unsigned long index,
 /* Override the default implementation from linux/nospec.h. */
 #define array_index_mask_nospec array_index_mask_nospec
+/* Prevent speculative execution past this barrier. */
+#define barrier_nospec() alternative_2("", "mfence", X86_FEATURE_MFENCE_RDTSC, \
+					   "lfence", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC)
 #define dma_rmb()	rmb()
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
index 07962f5f6fba..30df295f6d94 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
@@ -214,8 +214,7 @@ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void)
 	 * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a
 	 * time stamp.
-	alternative_2("", "mfence", X86_FEATURE_MFENCE_RDTSC,
-			  "lfence", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC);
+	barrier_nospec();
 	return rdtsc();

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