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Date: Wed, 29 Nov 2017 10:30:30 -0800
From: Kees Cook <>
To: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Geo Kozey <>, 
	LSM List <>, 
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <>, 
	"" <>
Subject: Re: Re: [PATCH v5 next 5/5] net: modules: use
 request_module_cap() to load 'netdev-%s' modules

On Tue, Nov 28, 2017 at 4:50 PM, Linus Torvalds
<> wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 28, 2017 at 4:26 PM, Kees Cook <> wrote:
>>> The model that I am a proponent of is to take a softer approach
>>> initially: don't forbid module loading (because that breaks users),
>>> but instead _warn_ about non-root module loading. And then we can
>>> start fixing the cases that we find.
>> I am totally fine with this. The question I'm hoping to have answered
>> is, "then what?" We already have concrete examples of module
>> autoloading that will still be need to stay unprivileged and as-is in
>> the kernel (even if we remove others). What do you see as the way to
>> allow an admin to turn those off?
> Just thinking about the DCCP case, where networking people actually
> knew it was pretty deprecated and had no real maintainer, I think one
> thing to look at would be simply a per-module flag.
> That kind of thing should be fairly easy to implement, along the same
> lines as the module license - it just sets a flag in the ELF section
> headers.
> With something like that, we literally could make the default be "no
> autoloading except for root", and then just mark the modules that we
> think are ok and well maintained.
> Sure, if you then do a lock-down mode that makes that flag parsing
> stricter, then that's a separate thing. But I suspect we definitely
> could be a lot stricter on a per-module basis, and do it in a way
> where a normal user wouldn't even notice that we've limited the
> autoloading.
> But the first step would be to just add some noise. And even with the
> per-module flag, at first it would only suppress the noise (ie we'd
> still _allow_ loading other modules, they'd just be noisy). Then, if
> nobody hollers, maybe the next kernel release we'll make it actually
> enforce the flag.
> Does that sound reasonable?

Yeah, I think I see the way forward here; thanks for the discussion!


Kees Cook
Pixel Security

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