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Date: Fri, 3 Feb 2017 18:16:07 +0000
From: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>
To: Laura Abbott <labbott@...hat.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@...driver.com>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
	Russell King <linux@...linux.org.uk>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>,
	"James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@...isc-linux.org>,
	Helge Deller <deller@....de>,
	Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@...ibm.com>,
	Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@...ibm.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
	x86@...nel.org, Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>,
	Len Brown <len.brown@...el.com>, Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>,
	Jessica Yu <jeyu@...hat.com>, linux-doc@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
	linux-parisc@...r.kernel.org, linux-s390@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-pm@...r.kernel.org, kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com,
	Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv2 1/2] arch: Move CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA and
 CONFIG_SET_MODULE_RONX to be common

On Fri, Feb 03, 2017 at 09:52:21AM -0800, Laura Abbott wrote:
> There are multiple architectures that support CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA and
> CONFIG_SET_MODULE_RONX. These options also now have the ability to be
> turned off at runtime. Move these to an architecture independent
> location and make these options def_bool y for almost all of those
> arches.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@...hat.com>

>From my POV this looks good. FWIW:

Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>

Mark.

> ---
> v2: This patch is now doing just the refactor of the existing config options.
> ---
>  arch/Kconfig              | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/arm/Kconfig          |  3 +++
>  arch/arm/Kconfig.debug    | 11 -----------
>  arch/arm/mm/Kconfig       | 12 ------------
>  arch/arm64/Kconfig        |  5 ++---
>  arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug  | 11 -----------
>  arch/parisc/Kconfig       |  1 +
>  arch/parisc/Kconfig.debug | 11 -----------
>  arch/s390/Kconfig         |  5 ++---
>  arch/s390/Kconfig.debug   |  3 ---
>  arch/x86/Kconfig          |  5 ++---
>  arch/x86/Kconfig.debug    | 11 -----------
>  12 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 68 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
> index 99839c2..22ee01e 100644
> --- a/arch/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/Kconfig
> @@ -781,4 +781,32 @@ config VMAP_STACK
>  	  the stack to map directly to the KASAN shadow map using a formula
>  	  that is incorrect if the stack is in vmalloc space.
>  
> +config ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
> +	def_bool n
> +
> +config ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
> +	def_bool n
> +
> +config DEBUG_RODATA
> +	def_bool y if !ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
> +	prompt "Make kernel text and rodata read-only" if ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
> +	depends on ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
> +	help
> +	  If this is set, kernel text and rodata memory will be made read-only,
> +	  and non-text memory will be made non-executable. This provides
> +	  protection against certain security exploits (e.g. executing the heap
> +	  or modifying text)
> +
> +config ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX
> +	def_bool n
> +
> +config DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX
> +	def_bool y if !ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
> +	prompt "Set loadable kenrel module data as NX and text as RO" if ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
> +	depends on ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX && MODULES
> +	help
> +	  If this is set, module text and rodata memory will be made read-only,
> +	  and non-text memory will be made non-executable. This provides
> +	  protection against certain security exploits (e.g. writing to text)
> +
>  source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
> index 186c4c2..aa73ca8 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
> @@ -4,10 +4,13 @@ config ARM
>  	select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA
>  	select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
>  	select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX if MMU && !XIP_KERNEL
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX if MMU
>  	select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
>  	select ARCH_HAVE_CUSTOM_GPIO_H
>  	select ARCH_HAS_GCOV_PROFILE_ALL
>  	select ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_PC_PARPORT
> +	select ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS if !CPU_V7
>  	select ARCH_SUPPORTS_ATOMIC_RMW
>  	select ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP
>  	select ARCH_USE_CMPXCHG_LOCKREF
> diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug b/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
> index d83f7c3..426d271 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -1738,17 +1738,6 @@ config PID_IN_CONTEXTIDR
>  	  additional instructions during context switch. Say Y here only if you
>  	  are planning to use hardware trace tools with this kernel.
>  
> -config DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX
> -	bool "Set loadable kernel module data as NX and text as RO"
> -	depends on MODULES && MMU
> -	---help---
> -	  This option helps catch unintended modifications to loadable
> -	  kernel module's text and read-only data. It also prevents execution
> -	  of module data. Such protection may interfere with run-time code
> -	  patching and dynamic kernel tracing - and they might also protect
> -	  against certain classes of kernel exploits.
> -	  If in doubt, say "N".
> -
>  source "drivers/hwtracing/coresight/Kconfig"
>  
>  endmenu
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/mm/Kconfig
> index f68e8ec..419a035 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -1051,18 +1051,6 @@ config ARCH_SUPPORTS_BIG_ENDIAN
>  	  This option specifies the architecture can support big endian
>  	  operation.
>  
> -config DEBUG_RODATA
> -	bool "Make kernel text and rodata read-only"
> -	depends on MMU && !XIP_KERNEL
> -	default y if CPU_V7
> -	help
> -	  If this is set, kernel text and rodata memory will be made
> -	  read-only, and non-text kernel memory will be made non-executable.
> -	  The tradeoff is that each region is padded to section-size (1MiB)
> -	  boundaries (because their permissions are different and splitting
> -	  the 1M pages into 4K ones causes TLB performance problems), which
> -	  can waste memory.
> -
>  config DEBUG_ALIGN_RODATA
>  	bool "Make rodata strictly non-executable"
>  	depends on DEBUG_RODATA
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index 1117421..e1efbcc 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ config ARM64
>  	select ARCH_HAS_GIGANTIC_PAGE
>  	select ARCH_HAS_KCOV
>  	select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX
>  	select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
>  	select ARCH_USE_CMPXCHG_LOCKREF
>  	select ARCH_SUPPORTS_ATOMIC_RMW
> @@ -123,9 +125,6 @@ config ARCH_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
>  config MMU
>  	def_bool y
>  
> -config DEBUG_RODATA
> -	def_bool y
> -
>  config ARM64_PAGE_SHIFT
>  	int
>  	default 16 if ARM64_64K_PAGES
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug b/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug
> index d1ebd46..939815e 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -71,17 +71,6 @@ config DEBUG_WX
>  
>  	  If in doubt, say "Y".
>  
> -config DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX
> -	bool "Set loadable kernel module data as NX and text as RO"
> -	depends on MODULES
> -	default y
> -	help
> -	  Is this is set, kernel module text and rodata will be made read-only.
> -	  This is to help catch accidental or malicious attempts to change the
> -	  kernel's executable code.
> -
> -	  If in doubt, say Y.
> -
>  config DEBUG_ALIGN_RODATA
>  	depends on DEBUG_RODATA
>  	bool "Align linker sections up to SECTION_SIZE"
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/Kconfig b/arch/parisc/Kconfig
> index 3a71f38..ad294b3 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/parisc/Kconfig
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ config PARISC
>  	select HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
>  	select ARCH_WANT_FRAME_POINTERS
>  	select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
>  	select RTC_CLASS
>  	select RTC_DRV_GENERIC
>  	select INIT_ALL_POSSIBLE
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/Kconfig.debug b/arch/parisc/Kconfig.debug
> index 68b7cbd..0d856b9 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/arch/parisc/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -5,15 +5,4 @@ source "lib/Kconfig.debug"
>  config TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT
>  	def_bool y
>  
> -config DEBUG_RODATA
> -       bool "Write protect kernel read-only data structures"
> -       depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
> -       default y
> -       help
> -         Mark the kernel read-only data as write-protected in the pagetables,
> -         in order to catch accidental (and incorrect) writes to such const
> -         data. This option may have a slight performance impact because a
> -         portion of the kernel code won't be covered by a TLB anymore.
> -         If in doubt, say "N".
> -
>  endmenu
> diff --git a/arch/s390/Kconfig b/arch/s390/Kconfig
> index c6722112..53bb0e3 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/s390/Kconfig
> @@ -62,9 +62,6 @@ config PCI_QUIRKS
>  config ARCH_SUPPORTS_UPROBES
>  	def_bool y
>  
> -config DEBUG_RODATA
> -	def_bool y
> -
>  config S390
>  	def_bool y
>  	select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
> @@ -73,6 +70,8 @@ config S390
>  	select ARCH_HAS_GIGANTIC_PAGE
>  	select ARCH_HAS_KCOV
>  	select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX
>  	select ARCH_HAS_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL
>  	select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
>  	select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK
> diff --git a/arch/s390/Kconfig.debug b/arch/s390/Kconfig.debug
> index 26c5d5be..57f8ea9 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/arch/s390/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -17,7 +17,4 @@ config S390_PTDUMP
>  	  kernel.
>  	  If in doubt, say "N"
>  
> -config DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX
> -	def_bool y
> -	depends on MODULES
>  endmenu
> diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
> index e487493..13e1bf4 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
> @@ -54,6 +54,8 @@ config X86
>  	select ARCH_HAS_MMIO_FLUSH
>  	select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API		if X86_64
>  	select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
> +	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX
>  	select ARCH_HAS_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL
>  	select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
>  	select ARCH_MIGHT_HAVE_ACPI_PDC		if ACPI
> @@ -309,9 +311,6 @@ config ARCH_SUPPORTS_UPROBES
>  config FIX_EARLYCON_MEM
>  	def_bool y
>  
> -config DEBUG_RODATA
> -	def_bool y
> -
>  config PGTABLE_LEVELS
>  	int
>  	default 4 if X86_64
> diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
> index 67eec55..69cdd0b 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -109,17 +109,6 @@ config DEBUG_WX
>  
>  	  If in doubt, say "Y".
>  
> -config DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX
> -	bool "Set loadable kernel module data as NX and text as RO"
> -	depends on MODULES
> -	---help---
> -	  This option helps catch unintended modifications to loadable
> -	  kernel module's text and read-only data. It also prevents execution
> -	  of module data. Such protection may interfere with run-time code
> -	  patching and dynamic kernel tracing - and they might also protect
> -	  against certain classes of kernel exploits.
> -	  If in doubt, say "N".
> -
>  config DEBUG_NX_TEST
>  	tristate "Testcase for the NX non-executable stack feature"
>  	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && m
> -- 
> 2.7.4
> 

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