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Date: Thu, 15 Apr 2021 20:14:09 +0000
From: Andy Caldwell <>
To: "" <>
Subject: [PATCH] Add static-pie support to musl-gcc

Hello all,

I've been using musl as the libc backend for rustc for various and  I also wanted
to build some C executables against musl (using the `musl-gcc` wrapper since I'm
compiling on Ubuntu/Centos).  For various (security and other) reasons we want
to build `-static-pie` executables but the existing `musl-gcc.specs` file doesn't
handle that flag.  I found
which seemed like a good start, but also seems to have stalled.

Starting from that patch, I've applied the various suggestions in the following
emails in the thread (adding `-z text` and handling `-eh-frame-hdr`).  I've also
make a few other changes:

 * Pass `-pie` to the linker when `-static-pie` is requested (this might be
   passed automatically if gcc was built `-default-pie` but it doesn't hurt to
   pass it in and it's certainly needed in some cases)
 * Don't pass `-dynamic-linker ...` when `-static` is requested (which mirror's
   gcc's standard behaviour)

Using this specfile, I was able to build and run the OpenSSL command line tools
(which seem to be a decent stress-test of a compiler/linker) both as `-static` and
as `-static-pie`, as well as building the compiling the following example
executable to check that PIE is being applied appropriately (compare the
outputs with `-static` vs. `-static-pie` across multiple runs).

#include <stdio.h>

static int static_int = 42;
static int *static_ptr = &static_int;

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
  printf("main: %p, stack: %p, statics: %p\n", main, &argc, static_ptr);
  return 0;


Andy Caldwell


>From 2953e1dc837cd81cac059ea0fa7b4f7bb11c568a Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Andy Caldwell <>
Date: Thu, 15 Apr 2021 21:05:38 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] Add static-pie support to musl-gcc
 tools/ | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff --git a/tools/ b/tools/
index 30492574..0e5a9035 100644
--- a/tools/
+++ b/tools/
@@ -17,13 +17,13 @@ cat <<EOF
 libgcc.a%s %:if-exists(libgcc_eh.a%s)
-%{!shared: $libdir/Scrt1.o} $libdir/crti.o crtbeginS.o%s
+%{static-pie: $libdir/rcrt1.o; !shared: $libdir/Scrt1.o} $libdir/crti.o crtbeginS.o%s
 crtendS.o%s $libdir/crtn.o
--dynamic-linker $ldso -nostdlib %{shared:-shared} %{static:-static} %{rdynamic:-export-dynamic}
+%{static-pie: -no-dynamic-linker -pie; !static: -dynamic-linker $ldso} -nostdlib -z text %{shared} %{static-pie|static:-static} %{rdynamic:-export-dynamic} %{!static: -eh-frame-hdr}

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