Date: Thu, 30 Apr 2020 12:51:56 +1000 From: Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au> To: Rich Felker <dalias@...c.org>, Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@...il.com> Cc: libc-alpha@...rceware.org, Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>, musl@...ts.openwall.com, binutils@...rceware.org, Adhemerval Zanella <adhemerval.zanella@...aro.org>, libc-dev@...ts.llvm.org, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>, Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@....com>, linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org Subject: Re: Re: New powerpc vdso calling convention Rich Felker <dalias@...c.org> writes: > On Sat, Apr 25, 2020 at 08:56:54PM +1000, Nicholas Piggin wrote: >> >> The ELF v2 ABI convention would suit it well, because the caller already >> >> requires the function address for ctr, so having it in r12 will >> >> eliminate the need for address calculation, which suits the vdso data >> >> page access. >> >> >> >> Is there a need for ELF v1 specific calls as well, or could those just be >> >> deprecated and remain on existing functions or required to use the ELF >> >> v2 calls using asm wrappers? >> > >> > What's ELF v1 and ELF v2 ? Is ELF v1 what PPC32 uses ? If so, I'd say >> > yes, it would be good to have it to avoid going through ASM in the middle.. >> >> I'm not sure about PPC32. On PPC64, ELFv2 functions must be called with >> their address in r12 if called at their global entry point. ELFv1 have a >> function descriptor with call address and TOC in it, caller has to load >> the TOC if it's global. >> >> The vdso doesn't have TOC, it has one global address (the vdso data >> page) which it loads by calculating its own address. > > A function descriptor could be put in the VDSO data page, or as it's > done now by glibc the vdso linkage code could create it. My leaning is > to at least have a version of the code that's callable (with the right > descriptor around it) by v1 binaries, but since musl does not use > ELFv1 at all we really have no stake in this and I'm fine with > whatever outcome users of v1 decide on. > >> The kernel doesn't change the vdso based on whether it's called by a v1 >> or v2 userspace (it doesn't really know itself and would have to export >> different functions). glibc has a hack to create something: > > I'm pretty sure it does know because signal invocation has to know > whether the function pointer points to a descriptor or code. At least > for FDPIC archs (similar to PPC64 ELFv1 function descriptors) it knows > and has to know. It does know, see TIF_ELF2ABI which is tested by is_elf2_task(), and as you say is used by the signal delivery code. Currently the VDSO entry points are not functions, so they don't need to change based on the ABI. cheers
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