Date: Fri, 17 Apr 2020 12:13:51 -0400 From: Rich Felker <dalias@...c.org> To: Pascal Cuoq <cuoq@...st-in-soft.com> Cc: "musl@...ts.openwall.com" <musl@...ts.openwall.com> Subject: Re: Invalid pointer subtractions in __shlim and __shgetc On Fri, Apr 17, 2020 at 03:56:06PM +0000, Pascal Cuoq wrote: > ?Hello, > > both functions `__shlim` and `__shgetc` subtract the members > named `buf` and `rpos` of the struct they manipulate. > > In `__shlim`, this happens in the statement `f->shcnt = f->buf - f->rpos;`. > And in `__shgetc`, in happens inside the `shcnt` macro: > > #define shcnt(f) ((f)->shcnt + ((f)->rpos - (f)->buf)) > > In our tests, while running `testsuite` in `libc-testsuite`, > both the `__shlim` and `__shgetc` functions are reached > with `f->buf` non-null and `f->rpos` a null pointer. > > This can be made visible on execution platforms other than ours > by adding a statement at the beginning of the functions: > > + if (f->buf && !f->rpos) dprintf (2, "XXX Problem in __shlim\n"); > + if (f->buf && !f->rpos) dprintf (2, "XXX Problem in __shgetc\n"); > > Then if, running `libc-testsuite`, you see the following, it means that > `f->buf` was non-null and `f->rpos` was null when these points were > reached: > > $ ./testsuite > fdopen test passed > fcntl test passed > fnmatch test passed > XXX Problem in __shlim > XXX Problem in __shgetc > XXX Problem in __shlim > XXX Problem in __shgetc > XXX Problem in __shlim > XXX Problem in __shgetc > XXX Problem in __shlim > XXX Problem in __shgetc > XXX Problem in __shlim > XXX Problem in __shgetc > XXX Problem in __shlim > XXX Problem in __shgetc > fscanf test passed > (...) > > This has been tested on the (tag: v1.2.0) branch of git://git.musl-libc.org/musl > > These pointer subtractions are undefined behavior. This is slightly worse > than computing `(char*)0-(char*)0`, which is undefined in C and defined in C++, > because compilers for both C and C++ are unlikely to exploit this one > for optimization. Subtracting between a non-null pointer and a null pointer > on the other hand is undefined behavior in both languages, and it is > plausible that doing it may someday have unexpected consequences. > > I mention this because similar undefined behaviors that were extremely > unlikely to cause harm have been fixed in musl in recent months, > so that this looks like something you may want to fix too. Absolutely. Do you have an analysis of how this is reached? Neither of these should be called when the FILE is not in suitable state for reading. It might just be that vfscanf needs to call __toread on the FILE before starting and error out if it fails. Rich
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