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Date: Sun, 19 Jan 2020 20:11:37 +0300 (MSK)
From: Alexander Monakov <>
Subject: Re: Minor style patch to exit.c

On Sun, 19 Jan 2020, Rich Felker wrote:

> Conceptually the _start is an array; that means it's fine to iterate
> over its elements, and we could even do so with the "correct" type.
> The problem is that _end is a different symbol and thereby inherently
> a "different object", and comparing against it with < is not valid;
> the compiler can legitimately optimize that out. I think with != would
> be valid, but I'm not sure we can trust compilers to honor any
> consistency for such "one past the end" comparisons. Casting to
> (uintptr_t) before doing the != comparison would absolutely be safe in
> the abstract machine; whether compilers honor this is unclear (because
> of the "provenance" stuff, which could break even the current code, so
> arguably we should have some "provenance barrier" here).
> Of course exit runs the array in reverse, which makes it even more of
> a mess. _end[-1] is clearly not valid when _end is an array object,
> and the compiler is free to break that.

I would suggest

  void (**ptr)(void);

  __asm__ ("" : "=g"(ptr) : "0"(..._end), "X"(..._start));

  while (ptr != _start) (*--ptr)();


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