Date: Mon, 6 Jan 2020 00:32:38 +0300 (MSK) From: Alexander Monakov <amonakov@...ras.ru> To: musl@...ts.openwall.com Subject: Re: [PATCH] math: move x86_64 fabs, fabsf to C with inline asm On Sun, 5 Jan 2020, Rich Felker wrote: > On Sun, Jan 05, 2020 at 07:36:39PM +0300, Alexander Monakov wrote: > > --- > > > > Questions: > > > > Why are there amd64-specific fabs implementations in the first place? > > (Only) because GCC generated poor code for the generic C version? > > I think so. It generates: [snip] *nod* In my eyes that's a missed optimization, but one that is probably not going to be fully fixed anytime soon, although for the particular case of generic fabs gcc-9 has improved: movq %xmm0, %rax btrq $63, %rax movq %rax, %xmm0 On Aarch64 GCC seems to do better with float bit manipulations (can emit code that does them on vector registers directly without copying to/from general registers). On x86 LLVM compiles fabs well, but not copysign. (ideally the language would allow to express bit manipulations of floats directly, then compilers probably would have better support as well) FWIW GCC bugreport is https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=93039 but I'm not holding my breath. By this logic, specialized implementations of copysign are also desirable, right? (2 instructions longer than fabs, except for long double) > > Do annotations for mask manipulation in the patch help? Any way to make > > them less ambiguous? > > I think so. I like how you did individual asm statements with > dependency relationship between them so compiler could even schedule > them if it likes. I wonder if you could just write 0x7fffffffffffffff > as an operand and have the compiler load it, though. In this case the mask is so simple that building it with pcmpeq-psrl is cheaper than loading from memory or moving from a general register. So not using an immediate is intentional. Alexander
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