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Date: Wed, 2 Oct 2019 12:00:19 +1000
From: Patrick Oppenlander <>
Subject: armv7-m segv when throwing c++ exception

Hi all,

I'm running into an issue with a gcc-8.3.0/musl-1.1.23 toolchain built
using musl-cross-make for armv7-m.

% cat test.cpp
int main()
        throw 0;
% armv7m-linux-musleabihf-g++ -ggdb -static test.cpp
% qemu-arm ./a.out
qemu: uncaught target signal 11 (Segmentation fault) - core dumped
[2]    198246 segmentation fault (core dumped)  qemu-arm ./a.out

We should be seeing something like "terminate called after throwing an
instance of 'int'".

I have an ODROID-C2 here which is a convenient place to run gdb:

$ gdb -q ./a.out
Reading symbols from ./a.out...
(gdb) run
Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0xf77cf9f4 in __cxxabiv1::__cxa_throw (obj=0xf77f5fa0,
tinfo=0xf77efb20 <typeinfo for int>, dest=0x0)
    at ../../../../src_gcc/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/
81 ../../../../src_gcc/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/ No such
file or directory.
(gdb) bt
#0  0xf77cf9f4 in __cxxabiv1::__cxa_throw (obj=0xf77f5fa0,
tinfo=0xf77efb20 <typeinfo for int>, dest=0x0)
    at ../../../../src_gcc/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/
#1  0xf77cf902 in main () at test.cpp:3
(gdb) disas
Dump of assembler code for function __cxxabiv1::__cxa_throw(void*,
std::type_info*, void (*)(void*)):
   0xf77cf9e0 <+0>: push {r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, lr}
   0xf77cf9e2 <+2>: mov r5, r0
   0xf77cf9e4 <+4>: mov r7, r1
   0xf77cf9e6 <+6>: mov r6, r2
   0xf77cf9e8 <+8>: bl 0xf77d01c4 <__cxxabiv1::__cxa_get_globals()>
   0xf77cf9ec <+12>: mov r4, r0
   0xf77cf9ee <+14>: mov r1, r7
   0xf77cf9f0 <+16>: mov r2, r6
   0xf77cf9f2 <+18>: mov r0, r5
=> 0xf77cf9f4 <+20>: ldr r3, [r4, #4]
   0xf77cf9f6 <+22>: adds r3, #1
   0xf77cf9f8 <+24>: str r3, [r4, #4]
   0xf77cf9fa <+26>: bl 0xf77cf984
<__cxxabiv1::__cxa_init_primary_exception(void*, std::type_info*, void
   0xf77cf9fe <+30>: movs r3, #1
   0xf77cfa00 <+32>: mov r4, r0
   0xf77cfa02 <+34>: str.w r3, [r4], #40
   0xf77cfa06 <+38>: mov r0, r4
   0xf77cfa08 <+40>: bl 0xf77d88a8 <___Unwind_RaiseException>
   0xf77cfa0c <+44>: mov r0, r4
   0xf77cfa0e <+46>: bl 0xf77d01e0 <__cxxabiv1::__cxa_begin_catch(void*)>
   0xf77cfa12 <+50>: bl 0xf77cfaf0 <std::terminate()>
End of assembler dump.
(gdb) p/x $r4
$1 = 0x1

That doesn't look good.

(gdb) disas __cxa_get_globals
Dump of assembler code for function __cxxabiv1::__cxa_get_globals():
   0xf77d01c4 <+0>: ldr r0, [pc, #12] ; (0xf77d01d4
   0xf77d01c6 <+2>: push {r3, lr}
   0xf77d01c8 <+4>: add r0, pc
   0xf77d01ca <+6>: bl 0xf77da940 <__tls_get_addr>
   0xf77d01ce <+10>: ldr r3, [pc, #8] ; (0xf77d01d8
   0xf77d01d0 <+12>: add r0, r3
   0xf77d01d2 <+14>: pop {r3, pc}
   0xf77d01d4 <+16>: ; <UNDEFINED> instruction: 0001fe40
   0xf77d01d8 <+20>: ; <UNDEFINED> instruction: 00000000
End of assembler dump.

OK, so what did __tls_get_addr return?

(gdb) b *(__cxa_get_globals + 10)
Breakpoint 3 at 0xf77d01ce: file
../../../../src_gcc/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/, line 62.
(gdb) run
Breakpoint 3, 0xf77d01ce in __cxxabiv1::__cxa_get_globals () at
62 ../../../../src_gcc/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/ No such
file or directory.
(gdb) p/x $r0
$3 = 0x1

That's doesn't look good either. Let's look at __tls_get_addr.

void *__tls_get_addr(tls_mod_off_t *v)
        pthread_t self = __pthread_self();
        return (void *)(self->dtv[v[0]] + v[1]);

(gdb) disas __tls_get_addr (annotations added by me)
Dump of assembler code for function __tls_get_addr:
r2 = v[0]
   0x0000c940 <+0>: ldr r2, [r0, #0]
r3 = tls
   0x0000c942 <+2>: ; <UNDEFINED> instruction: 0xee1d3f70
self = r3 - 120
r3 = *(r3 - 116) = self->dtv
   0x0000c946 <+6>: ldr.w r3, [r3, #-116]
r0 = v[1]
   0x0000c94a <+10>: ldr r0, [r0, #4]
r2 = *(r3 + r2 * 4) = dtv[r2]
   0x0000c94c <+12>: ldr.w r2, [r3, r2, lsl #2]
r0 = r0 + r2
   0x0000c950 <+16>: add r0, r2
   0x0000c952 <+18>: bx lr
End of assembler dump.
(gdb) b __tls_get_addr

So after pulling out the values I end up with:
v = 0xf77f000c
0xf77f000c: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xf77f072c 0xf77eff1c
v[0] = 0
v[1] = 0
self = <builtin_tls> 0xf77f064c
0xf77f064c <builtin_tls>: 0xf77f064c 0xf77f06dc 0xf77f064c 0xf77f064c
self->dtv = <builtin_tls+144> 0xf77f06dc
0xf77f06dc <builtin_tls+144>: 0x00000001 0xf77f06cc 0x00000000 0x00000000
return = dtv[v[0]] + v[1] = 1 + 0 = 1

At this point I'm out of my depth.

Where should I look next?



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