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Date: Thu, 25 Apr 2019 10:53:54 +0200
From: Szabolcs Nagy <nsz@...t70.net>
To: musl@...ts.openwall.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86: optimize fp_arch.h

* Rich Felker <dalias@...c.org> [2019-04-24 22:01:08 -0400]:
> On Thu, Apr 25, 2019 at 01:51:06AM +0200, Szabolcs Nagy wrote:
> > tested on x86_64 and i386
> 
> > >From 5f97370ff3e94bea812ec123a31d7482965a3b1b Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> > From: Szabolcs Nagy <nsz@...t70.net>
> > Date: Wed, 24 Apr 2019 23:29:05 +0000
> > Subject: [PATCH] x86: optimize fp_arch.h
> > 
> > Use fp register constraint instead of volatile store when sse2 math is
> > available, and use memory constraint when only x87 fpu is available.
> > ---
> >  arch/i386/fp_arch.h   | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  arch/x32/fp_arch.h    | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  arch/x86_64/fp_arch.h | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  3 files changed, 81 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 arch/i386/fp_arch.h
> >  create mode 100644 arch/x32/fp_arch.h
> >  create mode 100644 arch/x86_64/fp_arch.h
> > 
> > diff --git a/arch/i386/fp_arch.h b/arch/i386/fp_arch.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 00000000..b4019de2
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/i386/fp_arch.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
> > +#ifdef __SSE2_MATH__
> > +#define FP_BARRIER(x) __asm__ __volatile__ ("" : "+x"(x))
> > +#else
> > +#define FP_BARRIER(x) __asm__ __volatile__ ("" : "+m"(x))
> > +#endif
> 
> I guess for float and double you need the "m" constraint to ensure
> that a broken compiler doesn't skip dropping of precision (although I
> still wish we didn't bother with complexity to support that, and just
> relied on cast working correctly), but at least for long double
> couldn't we use an x87 register constraint to avoid the spill to
> memory?

i think fp_barrier does not have to drop excess precision:
it is supposed to be an identity op that is hidden from
the compiler e.g. to prevent const folding or hoisting,
but fp_force_eval is used to force side-effects that may only
happen if the excess precision is dropped.

i think modern gcc drops excess precision at arg passing
in standard mode, so "+m" is not needed, but makes the code
behave the same in non-standard mode too.

and yes the long double version could use "+t", maybe i should
add that (the patch saves about 400byte .text because of
volatile load/store overhead).

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