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Date: Sun, 2 Sep 2018 17:18:01 +0200
From: Szabolcs Nagy <>
Subject: Re: Compiling 32bit executables on 64bit system with MUSL

* John Found <> [2018-09-02 16:01:25 +0300]:
> $musl-gcc -o hello ./hello.c
> /usr/bin/ld: /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/8.2.0/32/crtbegin.o: direct GOT relocation R_386_GOT32X against `_ITM_deregisterTMCloneTable' without base register can not be used when making a shared object
> /usr/bin/ld: final link failed: nonrepresentable section on output
> collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
> Actually my C programming skills are very low, so I can't even understand what the linker is talking about.
> The version of GCC is 8.2.0; 

your toolchain is probably default-pie (gcc -v will
show --enable-default-pie)

this means linking an executable will be linked like
a shared library and all object files have to be
position independent, but your specs file uses
crtbegin.o, which is non-pie, instead of crtbeginS.o
so linking fails (try passing -no-pie at link time
to gcc).

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