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Date: Mon, 11 Apr 2016 08:35:00 +0200
From: Sebastian Gottschall <>
Subject: Re: recvmsg/sendmsg broken on mips64

Am 11.04.2016 um 04:35 schrieb Rich Felker:
> On Mon, Apr 11, 2016 at 12:33:07AM +0200, Sebastian Gottschall wrote:
>> Am 11.04.2016 um 00:29 schrieb Rich Felker:
>>> On Mon, Apr 11, 2016 at 12:24:49AM +0200, Sebastian Gottschall wrote:
>>>>> I think what nsz was asking for, and what I'd like to see, is a way to
>>>>> reproduce the bug. I'm going to try building iproute2 for mips64 and
>>>>> running it on a prebuilt kernel from Aboriginal Linux under
>>>>> qemu-system-mips64, but I don't know what specific commands are needed
>>>>> to hit the affected code path.
>>>> any command since all is netlink based
>>>> ip add add  dev eth0
>>>> yo will see that nothing will happen. ip will just return a error
>>>> message (i wrote this message already in the first entry on this
>>>> mailinglist)
>>>> "EOF on netlink" is the error which is shown
>>> OK, I'll try this.
>>>>>> its all resulting in the same failing recvmsg / sendmsg call.. so
>>>>>> yes libnetlink.c does not work with musl on mips64 (it does work on
>>>>>> x64 and everything else, just not mips64) unless the hack i offered
>>>>>> was applied which again fixed all.
>>>>>> before you ask again for a problem description, just read again. it
>>>>>> wont change the description if you ask again and just makes people
>>>>>> tired on this list.
>>>>> Both versions of the struct (musl's and your modified one that matches
>>>>> the kernel) have the exact same layout, but due to having a member
>>>>> with 64-bit type, yours has 8-byte alignment and musl's only has
>>>>> 4-byte alignment. This means, at least:
>>>>> 1. When musl's sendmsg.c makes its copy to zero out the padding, the
>>>>>     copy may not be correctly aligned for 64-bit writes, and the kernel
>>>>>     faults or manually produces an error for this case, causing the
>>>>>     whole operation to fail. However, I don't see where iproute2 is
>>>>>     actually passing control messages to sendmsg, so while this is a
>>>>>     problem, I don't think it's the cause. Maybe I'm missing the
>>>>>     affected call point; this is why I'd like steps to reproduce the
>>>>>     issue so I can see it.
>>>>> 2. iproute2's libnetlink.c's rtnl_listen function does not properly
>>>>>     declare its cmsgbuf with the alignment of cmsghdr; it has type
>>>>>     char[] so the compiler is free not to align it at all. This is
>>>>>     presumably a bug in iproute2, but I can't find any good
>>>>>     documentation (in the standards or Linux-specific) for how you're
>>>>>     supposed to allocate this space, so maybe the kernel is able to
>>>>>     handle aligning the buffer itself. I don't see any way the
>>>>>     alignment of musl's cmsghdr type affects recvmsg though.
>>>>> Maybe there are other effects I'm missing? I'll follow up again once I
>>>>> get a test build/run of iproute2 and let you know whether I can see
>>>>> the problem.
>>>> okay. if you need a remote access to a octeon system using musl (my
>>>> fixed variant), just tell me.
>>> That would be really helpful. Something's wrong with the userspace for
>>> the Aboriginal mips64 binaries (SIGBUS in init) and debugging that
>>> would be a big distraction.
>>> BTW do you have gdb and strace available?
>> not on the system itself. i'm not sure if strace works on mips64.
>> never tried it.
>> but you're free to copy any binary to the /tmp dir. it has 2 gb ram.
>> so enough space for static binaries if you want to play with.
>> i will send you the ssh data in a private email
> I haven't been able to reproduce the error on your system. I've tried
> building my own static-linked version of the "ip" utility with a
> mips64-linux-musl softfloat compiler, and uploading my and
> using it to run both your version of ip and a dynamic-linked one I
> just built. They all work fine for adding/removing a address
> to the "lo" interface.
i can install a broken musl libc again if that helps. (its plain openwrt 
toolchain result)
> Next I'm going to try to get a minimal testcase that tries to
> intentionally misalign the control message buffers. I suspect I'm just
> "getting lucky" and my buffer happens to be aligned the way the kernel
> wants by chance.
> Rich

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