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Date: Fri, 1 May 2015 11:49:04 -0400
From: Rich Felker <dalias@...c.org>
To: musl@...ts.openwall.com
Subject: Re: building musl libc.so with gcc -flto

On Fri, May 01, 2015 at 12:10:16PM +0200, Szabolcs Nagy wrote:
> * Andre McCurdy <armccurdy@...il.com> [2015-04-30 22:48:09 -0700]:
> > I'm able to reproduce the problem I saw previously with the latest
> > musl git version. Behaviour is that some binaries dynamically linked
> > with gold (notably busybox) seem to run well but most binaries
> > segfault at startup.
> > 
> > I'm using gcc 4.9.2 and binutils 2.25, but I should also mention that
> > I'm using OpenEmbedded to build the toolchain and musl support in OE
> > is still quite experimental...
> > 
> > Below is a link to a base64 encoded tar file containing two
> > dynamically linked "hello world" x86 binaries. Both were created using
> > the same OE toolchain (the only difference was the -fuse-ld=XXX option
> > used). "hello.bfd" runs well, "hello.gold" segfaults. Hopefully they
> > can give some clues about what's happening.
> > 
> >   http://pastebin.com/raw.php?i=RKJBqAg1
> 
> $ nm -D hello.gold
>          w _ITM_deregisterTMCloneTable
>          w _ITM_registerTMCloneTable
>          w _Jv_RegisterClasses
> 08049670 A __bss_start
>          w __deregister_frame_info
>          U __libc_start_main
>          w __register_frame_info
> 08049670 A _edata
> 08049690 A _end
>          U printf
> 
> $ nm -D hello.bfd
> 08049564 B __bss_start
>          U __libc_start_main
> 08049564 D _edata
> 08049584 B _end
>          U printf
> 
> i'm not sure where gold expects __register_frame_info to be defined..
> 
> the call chain is
> 
> __dls3 -> do_init_fini -> _init -> frame_dummy -> __register_frame_info@plt -> 0
> 
> objdump:
> 
> 0804846e <frame_dummy>:
>  804846e:	55                   	push   %ebp
>  804846f:	b8 70 83 04 08       	mov    $0x8048370,%eax
>  8048474:	89 e5                	mov    %esp,%ebp
>  8048476:	83 ec 08             	sub    $0x8,%esp
>  8048479:	85 c0                	test   %eax,%eax
>  804847b:	74 14                	je     8048491 <frame_dummy+0x23>
>  804847d:	50                   	push   %eax
>  804847e:	50                   	push   %eax
>  804847f:	68 78 96 04 08       	push   $0x8049678
>  8048484:	68 18 85 04 08       	push   $0x8048518
>  8048489:	e8 e2 fe ff ff       	call   8048370 <__register_frame_info@plt>
> ....
> 08048370 <__register_frame_info@plt>:
>  8048370:	ff 25 50 96 04 08    	jmp    *0x8049650
> ....

The problem is that gold does not know how to process relocations for
undefined weak references correctly. When the code in question is
PIC/PIE, the weak reference can be kept for resolving at runtime.
Instead of:

  804846f:     b8 70 83 04 08          mov    $0x8048370,%eax

where the linker filled in a fixed address (the PLT slot) which the
code happily sees is non-zero and then calls it, PIC code would read
the address from the GOT. In non-PIC code, the linker (ld) *MUST*
resolve undefined weak references to the address zero; they are not
overridable at runtime because non-PIC doesn't support that.

This is a bug in gold, but I have no idea how it works at all, even
with glibc. The same issue should arise in gcc's crt files.

You can probably work around it for now by building the app as PIE.

Rich

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