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Date: Sun, 23 Nov 2014 10:43:34 +0100
From: Jens Gustedt <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] Add stdatomic.h for clang>=3.1 and gcc>=4.1


Am Sonntag, den 23.11.2014, 02:47 +0100 schrieb Joakim Sindholt:
> GCC 4.9:
> typedef _Atomic struct
> {
>   _Bool __val;
> #else
>   unsigned char __val;
> #endif
> } atomic_flag;
> Clang 3.6:
> #ifdef __cplusplus
> typedef _Atomic(bool)               atomic_bool;
> #else
> typedef _Atomic(_Bool)              atomic_bool;
> #endif
> typedef struct atomic_flag { atomic_bool _Value; } atomic_flag;

So they fucked it up and have incompatible declarations? Great.

Please, first of all don't look at it for the #ifdef things, this is
secondary, in particular if it never triggers in real life (but I
think it does), see below.

These two declarations are incompatible and having to compilation
units one compiled with gcc and one with clang that are linked
together, leads to UB:

 - the structures should end up to have the same layout, but here one
   has a qualified field and the other not, so not the same types.

 - for struct types to be compatible, the struct tag must be the same

For the discussion about the second case for the type, this is the
question if there are archs that implement TAS operations with other
values than 0 for "unset" and 1 for "set". There seem to be archs out
there that implement TAS with other values, I vaguely remember having
heard about some risk arch (??). Actually this also is the reason why
the standard defines this type in such a weird manner, and why per the
standard it needs a dedicated initialization macro, default
initialization with 0 doesn't do in all cases.


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