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Date: Fri, 10 Jul 2020 11:52:48 -0600
From: Jens Axboe <>
To: Stefano Garzarella <>
Cc: Sargun Dhillon <>, Kees Cook <>,,,
 Kernel Hardening <>,
 Jann Horn <>, Aleksa Sarai <>,
 Christian Brauner <>,
 Stefan Hajnoczi <>,,
 Alexander Viro <>, Jeff Moyer <>

On 7/10/20 8:19 AM, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
> The new io_uring_register(2) IOURING_REGISTER_RESTRICTIONS opcode
> permanently installs a feature whitelist on an io_ring_ctx.
> The io_ring_ctx can then be passed to untrusted code with the
> knowledge that only operations present in the whitelist can be
> executed.
> The whitelist approach ensures that new features added to io_uring
> do not accidentally become available when an existing application
> is launched on a newer kernel version.

Keeping with the trend of the times, you should probably use 'allowlist'
here instead of 'whitelist'.
> Currently is it possible to restrict sqe opcodes and register
> opcodes. It is also possible to allow only fixed files.
> IOURING_REGISTER_RESTRICTIONS can only be made once. Afterwards
> it is not possible to change restrictions anymore.
> This prevents untrusted code from removing restrictions.

A few comments below.

> @@ -337,6 +344,7 @@ struct io_ring_ctx {
>  	struct llist_head		file_put_llist;
>  	struct work_struct		exit_work;
> +	struct io_restriction		restrictions;
>  };
>  /*

Since very few will use this feature, was going to suggest that we make
it dynamically allocated. But it's just 32 bytes, currently, so probably
not worth the effort...

> @@ -5491,6 +5499,11 @@ static int io_req_set_file(struct io_submit_state *state, struct io_kiocb *req,
>  	if (unlikely(!fixed && io_async_submit(req->ctx)))
>  		return -EBADF;
> +	if (unlikely(!fixed && req->ctx->restrictions.enabled &&
> +			      req->ctx->restrictions.restriction_op)))
> +		return -EACCES;
> +
>  	return io_file_get(state, req, fd, &req->file, fixed);
>  }

This one hurts, though. I don't want any extra overhead from the
feature, and you're digging deep in ctx here to figure out of we need to

Generally, all the checking needs to be out-of-line, and it needs to
base the decision on whether to check something or not on a cache hot
piece of data. So I'd suggest to turn all of these into some flag.
ctx->flags generally mirrors setup flags, so probably just add a:

	unsigned int restrictions : 1;

after eventfd_async : 1 in io_ring_ctx. That's free, plenty of room
there and that cacheline is already pulled in for reading.

Jens Axboe

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