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Date: Tue, 6 Aug 2019 17:35:30 +0200
From: Borislav Petkov <>
To: Steven Rostedt <>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <>,,,, Andy Lutomirski <>,
	Thomas Gleixner <>,
	Ingo Molnar <>, "H. Peter Anvin" <>,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v9 04/11] x86/entry/64: Adapt assembly for PIE support

On Tue, Aug 06, 2019 at 09:59:42AM -0400, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> As Peter stated later in this thread, we only have the IRQ stack frame saved
> here, because we just took an NMI, and this is the logic to determine if it
> was a nested NMI or not (where we have to be *very* careful about touching the
> stack!)
> That said, the code modified here is to test the NMI nesting logic (only
> enabled with CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY), and what it is doing is re-enabling NMIs
> before calling the first NMI handler, to help trigger nested NMIs without the
> need of a break point or page fault (iret enables NMIs again).
> This code is in the path of the "first nmi" (we confirmed that this is not
> nested), which means that it should be safe to push onto the stack.

Thanks for the explanation!

> Yes, we need to save and restore whatever reg we used. The only comment I
> would make is to use %rdx instead of %rax as that has been our "scratch"
> register used before saving pt_regs. Just to be consistent.

Yap, makes sense.



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