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Date: Fri, 26 Apr 2019 16:22:42 -0700
To: Peter Zijlstra <>,
	Borislav Petkov <>,
	Andy Lutomirski <>,
	Ingo Molnar <>
	Thomas Gleixner <>,
	Nadav Amit <>,
	Dave Hansen <>,,,,,,,,,,,
	Rick Edgecombe <>,
	Kees Cook <>,
	Dave Hansen <>,
	Nadav Amit <>
Subject: [PATCH v6 03/24] x86/mm: Introduce temporary mm structs

From: Andy Lutomirski <>

Using a dedicated page-table for temporary PTEs prevents other cores
from using - even speculatively - these PTEs, thereby providing two

(1) Security hardening: an attacker that gains kernel memory writing
abilities cannot easily overwrite sensitive data.

(2) Avoiding TLB shootdowns: the PTEs do not need to be flushed in
remote page-tables.

To do so a temporary mm_struct can be used. Mappings which are private
for this mm can be set in the userspace part of the address-space.
During the whole time in which the temporary mm is loaded, interrupts
must be disabled.

The first use-case for temporary mm struct, which will follow, is for
poking the kernel text.

[ Commit message was written by Nadav Amit ]

Cc: Kees Cook <>
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <>
Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <>
Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <>
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <>
Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <>
Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <>
 arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 19d18fae6ec6..24dc3b810970 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -356,4 +356,37 @@ static inline unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void)
 	return cr3;
+typedef struct {
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+} temp_mm_state_t;
+ * Using a temporary mm allows to set temporary mappings that are not accessible
+ * by other CPUs. Such mappings are needed to perform sensitive memory writes
+ * that override the kernel memory protections (e.g., W^X), without exposing the
+ * temporary page-table mappings that are required for these write operations to
+ * other CPUs. Using a temporary mm also allows to avoid TLB shootdowns when the
+ * mapping is torn down.
+ *
+ * Context: The temporary mm needs to be used exclusively by a single core. To
+ *          harden security IRQs must be disabled while the temporary mm is
+ *          loaded, thereby preventing interrupt handler bugs from overriding
+ *          the kernel memory protection.
+ */
+static inline temp_mm_state_t use_temporary_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
+	temp_mm_state_t temp_state;
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+ = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
+	switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL, mm, current);
+	return temp_state;
+static inline void unuse_temporary_mm(temp_mm_state_t prev_state)
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL,, current);
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */

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