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Date: Wed, 9 May 2018 10:58:57 -0700
From: Kees Cook <>
To: Matthew Wilcox <>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <>, Rasmus Villemoes <>, 
	LKML <>, Linux-MM <>, 
	Kernel Hardening <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 04/13] mm: Use array_size() helpers for kmalloc()

On Wed, May 9, 2018 at 4:34 AM, Matthew Wilcox <> wrote:
> On Tue, May 08, 2018 at 05:42:20PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
>> @@ -499,6 +500,8 @@ static __always_inline void *kmalloc_large(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
>>   */
>>  static __always_inline void *kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags)
>>  {
>> +     if (size == SIZE_MAX)
>> +             return NULL;
>>       if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) {
>>               if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE)
>>                       return kmalloc_large(size, flags);
> I don't like the add-checking-to-every-call-site part of this patch.
> Fine, the compiler will optimise it away if it can calculate it at compile
> time, but there are a lot of situations where it can't.  You aren't
> adding any safety by doing this; trying to allocate SIZE_MAX bytes is
> guaranteed to fail, and it doesn't need to fail quickly.

Fun bit of paranoia: I added early checks to devm_kmalloc() too in
another patch after 0-day started yelling about other things, and this
morning while removing the SIZE_MAX checks based on your feedback, I

void * devm_kmalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
        struct devres *dr;

        /* use raw alloc_dr for kmalloc caller tracing */
        dr = alloc_dr(devm_kmalloc_release, size, gfp, dev_to_node(dev));

static __always_inline struct devres * alloc_dr(dr_release_t release,
                                               size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid)
       size_t tot_size = sizeof(struct devres) + size;
        struct devres *dr;

        dr = kmalloc_node_track_caller(tot_size, gfp, nid);

which is exactly the pattern I was worried about: SIZE_MAX plus some
small number would overflow. :(

So, I've added an explicit overflow check in devm_kmalloc() now.

Thoughts: making {struct,array,array3}_size() return "SIZE_MAX -
something" could help for generic cases (like above), but it might
still be possible in a buggy situation for an attacker to choose
factors that do NOT overflow, but reach something like "SIZE_MAX - 1"
and then the later addition will wrap it around. I'm leaning towards
doing it anyway, though, since not all factors in a given bug may have
very high granularity, giving us better protection than SIZE_MAX.

However, since now we're separating overflow checking from saturation
(i.e. we could calculate a non-overflowing value that lands in the
saturation zone), we can't sanely to the check_*_overflow() cases,
since the "saturated" results from array_size() aren't SIZE_MAX any

I can't decide which is a safer failure case...

> Hmm.  I wonder why we have the kmalloc/__kmalloc "optimisation"
> in kmalloc_array, but not kcalloc.  Bet we don't really need it in
> kmalloc_array.  I'll do some testing.

Not sure; my new patches drop it entirely since they're redefining
*calloc() and *_array*() with the helpers now...

I'll send a v2 shortly (without the treewide changes, since those are
huge and only changed slightly with some 0-day noticed glitches).


Kees Cook
Pixel Security

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