Openwall GNU/*/Linux - a small security-enhanced Linux distro for servers
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Date: Thu, 8 Mar 2018 23:53:52 +0000
From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
To: Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net>
Cc: Tycho Andersen <tycho@...ho.ws>, LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, 
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>, 
	Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com>, Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>, 
	David Drysdale <drysdale@...gle.com>, "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>, 
	"Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@...ssion.com>, James Morris <james.l.morris@...cle.com>, 
	Jann Horn <jann@...jh.net>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, 
	Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@...il.com>, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, 
	Paul Moore <paul@...l-moore.com>, Sargun Dhillon <sargun@...gun.me>, 
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>, Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, 
	Thomas Graf <tgraf@...g.ch>, Will Drewry <wad@...omium.org>, 
	Kernel Hardening <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>, Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>, 
	LSM List <linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>, 
	Network Development <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v8 00/11] Landlock LSM: Toward unprivileged sandboxing

On Thu, Mar 8, 2018 at 11:51 PM, Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net> wrote:
>
> On 07/03/2018 02:21, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>> On Tue, Mar 6, 2018 at 11:06 PM, Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net> wrote:
>>>
>>> On 06/03/2018 23:46, Tycho Andersen wrote:
>>>> On Tue, Mar 06, 2018 at 10:33:17PM +0000, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>>>>>> Suppose I'm writing a container manager.  I want to run "mount" in the
>>>>>>> container, but I don't want to allow moun() in general and I want to
>>>>>>> emulate certain mount() actions.  I can write a filter that catches
>>>>>>> mount using seccomp and calls out to the container manager for help.
>>>>>>> This isn't theoretical -- Tycho wants *exactly* this use case to be
>>>>>>> supported.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Well, I think this use case should be handled with something like
>>>>>> LD_PRELOAD and a helper library. FYI, I did something like this:
>>>>>> https://github.com/stemjail/stemshim
>>>>>
>>>>> I doubt that will work for containers.  Containers that use user
>>>>> namespaces and, for example, setuid programs aren't going to honor
>>>>> LD_PRELOAD.
>>>>
>>>> Or anything that calls syscalls directly, like go programs.
>>>
>>> That's why the vDSO-like approach. Enforcing an access control is not
>>> the issue here, patching a buggy userland (without patching its code) is
>>> the issue isn't it?
>>>
>>> As far as I remember, the main problem is to handle file descriptors
>>> while "emulating" the kernel behavior. This can be done with a "shim"
>>> code mapped in every processes. Chrome used something like this (in a
>>> previous sandbox mechanism) as a kind of emulation (with the current
>>> seccomp-bpf ). I think it should be doable to replace the (userland)
>>> emulation code with an IPC wrapper receiving file descriptors through
>>> UNIX socket.
>>>
>>
>> Can you explain exactly what you mean by "vDSO-like"?
>>
>> When a 64-bit program does a syscall, it just executes the SYSCALL
>> instruction.  The vDSO isn't involved at all.  32-bit programs usually
>> go through the vDSO, but not always.
>>
>> It could be possible to force-load a DSO into an entire container and
>> rig up seccomp to intercept all SYSCALLs not originating from the DSO
>> such that they merely redirect control to the DSO, but that seems
>> quite messy.
>
> vDSO is a code mapped for all processes. As you said, these processes
> may use it or not. What I was thinking about is to use the same concept,
> i.e. map a "shim" code into each processes pertaining to a particular
> hierarchy (the same way seccomp filters are inherited across processes).
> With a seccomp filter matching some syscall (e.g. mount, open), it is
> possible to jump back to the shim code thanks to SECCOMP_RET_TRAP. This
> shim code should then be able to emulate/patch what is needed, even
> faking a file opening by receiving a file descriptor through a UNIX
> socket. As did the Chrome sandbox, the seccomp filter may look at the
> calling address to allow the shim code to call syscalls without being
> catched, if needed. However, relying on SIGSYS may not fit with
> arbitrary code. Using a new SECCOMP_RET_EMULATE (?) may be used to jump
> to a specific process address, to emulate the syscall in an easier way
> than only relying on a {c,e}BPF program.
>

This could indeed be done, but I think that Tycho's approach is much
cleaner and probably faster.

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