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Date: Thu, 8 Mar 2018 15:37:58 -0800
From: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
	Rasmus Villemoes <linux@...musvillemoes.dk>,
	"Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>,
	"Tobin C. Harding" <me@...in.cc>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, Chris Mason <clm@...com>,
	Josef Bacik <jbacik@...com>, David Sterba <dsterba@...e.com>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
	Alexey Kuznetsov <kuznet@....inr.ac.ru>,
	Hideaki YOSHIFUJI <yoshfuji@...ux-ipv6.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>, Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
	Ian Abbott <abbotti@....co.uk>,
	Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@...il.com>,
	Petr Mladek <pmladek@...e.com>,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com>,
	Pantelis Antoniou <pantelis.antoniou@...sulko.com>,
	Linux Btrfs <linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org>,
	Network Development <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Kernel Hardening <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2] kernel.h: Skip single-eval logic on literals in
 min()/max()

When max() is used in stack array size calculations from literal values
(e.g. "char foo[max(sizeof(struct1), sizeof(struct2))]", the compiler
thinks this is a dynamic calculation due to the single-eval logic, which
is not needed in the literal case. This change removes several accidental
stack VLAs from an x86 allmodconfig build:

$ diff -u before.txt after.txt | grep ^-
-drivers/input/touchscreen/cyttsp4_core.c:871:2: warning: ISO C90 forbids variable length array ‘ids’ [-Wvla]
-fs/btrfs/tree-checker.c:344:4: warning: ISO C90 forbids variable length array ‘namebuf’ [-Wvla]
-lib/vsprintf.c:747:2: warning: ISO C90 forbids variable length array ‘sym’ [-Wvla]
-net/ipv4/proc.c:403:2: warning: ISO C90 forbids variable length array ‘buff’ [-Wvla]
-net/ipv6/proc.c:198:2: warning: ISO C90 forbids variable length array ‘buff’ [-Wvla]
-net/ipv6/proc.c:218:2: warning: ISO C90 forbids variable length array ‘buff64’ [-Wvla]

Based on an earlier patch from Josh Poimboeuf.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
---
v2:
- fix copy/paste-o max1_/max2_ (ijc)
- clarify "compile-time" constant in comment (Rasmus)
- clean up formatting on min_t()/max_t()
---
 include/linux/kernel.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 32 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index 3fd291503576..108cdf7bd484 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -787,37 +787,57 @@ static inline void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode) { }
  * strict type-checking.. See the
  * "unnecessary" pointer comparison.
  */
-#define __min(t1, t2, min1, min2, x, y) ({		\
+#define __single_eval_min(t1, t2, min1, min2, x, y) ({	\
 	t1 min1 = (x);					\
 	t2 min2 = (y);					\
 	(void) (&min1 == &min2);			\
 	min1 < min2 ? min1 : min2; })
 
+/*
+ * In the case of compile-time constant values, there is no need to do
+ * the double-evaluation protection, so the raw comparison can be made.
+ * This allows min()/max() to be used in stack array allocations and
+ * avoid the compiler thinking it is a dynamic value leading to an
+ * accidental VLA.
+ */
+#define __min(t1, t2, x, y)						\
+	__builtin_choose_expr(__builtin_constant_p(x) &&		\
+			      __builtin_constant_p(y) &&		\
+			      __builtin_types_compatible_p(t1, t2),	\
+			      (t1)(x) < (t2)(y) ? (t1)(x) : (t2)(y),	\
+			      __single_eval_min(t1, t2,			\
+						__UNIQUE_ID(min1_),	\
+						__UNIQUE_ID(min2_),	\
+						x, y))
+
 /**
  * min - return minimum of two values of the same or compatible types
  * @x: first value
  * @y: second value
  */
-#define min(x, y)					\
-	__min(typeof(x), typeof(y),			\
-	      __UNIQUE_ID(min1_), __UNIQUE_ID(min2_),	\
-	      x, y)
+#define min(x, y)	__min(typeof(x), typeof(y), x, y)
 
-#define __max(t1, t2, max1, max2, x, y) ({		\
+#define __single_eval_max(t1, t2, max1, max2, x, y) ({	\
 	t1 max1 = (x);					\
 	t2 max2 = (y);					\
 	(void) (&max1 == &max2);			\
 	max1 > max2 ? max1 : max2; })
 
+#define __max(t1, t2, x, y)						\
+	__builtin_choose_expr(__builtin_constant_p(x) &&		\
+			      __builtin_constant_p(y) &&		\
+			      __builtin_types_compatible_p(t1, t2),	\
+			      (t1)(x) > (t2)(y) ? (t1)(x) : (t2)(y),	\
+			      __single_eval_max(t1, t2,			\
+						__UNIQUE_ID(max1_),	\
+						__UNIQUE_ID(max2_),	\
+						x, y))
 /**
  * max - return maximum of two values of the same or compatible types
  * @x: first value
  * @y: second value
  */
-#define max(x, y)					\
-	__max(typeof(x), typeof(y),			\
-	      __UNIQUE_ID(max1_), __UNIQUE_ID(max2_),	\
-	      x, y)
+#define max(x, y)	__max(typeof(x), typeof(y), x, y)
 
 /**
  * min3 - return minimum of three values
@@ -869,10 +889,7 @@ static inline void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode) { }
  * @x: first value
  * @y: second value
  */
-#define min_t(type, x, y)				\
-	__min(type, type,				\
-	      __UNIQUE_ID(min1_), __UNIQUE_ID(min2_),	\
-	      x, y)
+#define min_t(type, x, y)	 __min(type, type, x, y)
 
 /**
  * max_t - return maximum of two values, using the specified type
@@ -880,10 +897,7 @@ static inline void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode) { }
  * @x: first value
  * @y: second value
  */
-#define max_t(type, x, y)				\
-	__max(type, type,				\
-	      __UNIQUE_ID(min1_), __UNIQUE_ID(min2_),	\
-	      x, y)
+#define max_t(type, x, y)	__max(type, type, x, y)
 
 /**
  * clamp_t - return a value clamped to a given range using a given type
-- 
2.7.4


-- 
Kees Cook
Pixel Security

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