Openwall GNU/*/Linux - a small security-enhanced Linux distro for servers
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Sun,  3 Sep 2017 13:07:47 +0100
From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>
To: linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
	kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
	Nicolas Pitre <nico@...aro.org>,
	Russell King <linux@...linux.org.uk>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@...gle.com>,
	Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@....com>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
	Tony Lindgren <tony@...mide.com>,
	Matt Fleming <matt@...eblueprint.co.uk>,
	Dave Martin <dave.martin@....com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 19/29] ARM: kernel: make vmlinux buildable as a PIE executable

Update the build flags and linker script to allow vmlinux to be built
as a PIE  binary, which retains relocation information about absolute
symbol references so that they can be fixed up at runtime. This will
be used for implementing KASLR,

Cc: Russell King <linux@...linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>
---
 arch/arm/Kconfig                 |  4 ++++
 arch/arm/Makefile                |  5 +++++
 arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h |  2 +-
 arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S    |  9 +++++++++
 include/linux/hidden.h           | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 scripts/module-common.lds        |  1 +
 6 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 61a0cb15067e..300add3b8023 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -2085,6 +2085,10 @@ config DMI
 	  firmware need to be enabled. This would require the DMI subsystem
 	  to be enabled much earlier than we do on ARM, which is non-trivial.
 
+config RELOCATABLE
+	bool
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+
 endmenu
 
 menu "CPU Power Management"
diff --git a/arch/arm/Makefile b/arch/arm/Makefile
index 47d3a1ab08d2..8544c8148b9f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/Makefile
@@ -52,6 +52,11 @@ AS		+= -EL
 LD		+= -EL
 endif
 
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_RELOCATABLE),y)
+KBUILD_CFLAGS		+= -fpic -include $(srctree)/include/linux/hidden.h
+LDFLAGS_vmlinux		+= -pie -shared -Bsymbolic
+endif
+
 #
 # The Scalar Replacement of Aggregates (SRA) optimization pass in GCC 4.9 and
 # later may result in code being generated that handles signed short and signed
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
index ae43859a9000..0586e1c77a80 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/assembler.h
@@ -555,7 +555,7 @@ THUMB(	orr	\reg , \reg , #PSR_T_BIT	)
 	 * mov_l - move a constant value or [relocated] address into a register
 	 */
 	.macro		mov_l, dst:req, imm:req
-	.if		__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ < 7
+	.if		CONFIG_RELOCATABLE == 1 || __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ < 7
 	ldr		\dst, =\imm
 	.else
 	movw		\dst, #:lower16:\imm
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index c83a7ba737d6..5853d4be2067 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -89,6 +89,9 @@ SECTIONS
 #endif
 		*(.discard)
 		*(.discard.*)
+		*(.ARM.exidx.discard.text)
+		*(.interp .dynamic)
+		*(.dynsym .dynstr .hash)
 	}
 
 	. = PAGE_OFFSET + TEXT_OFFSET;
@@ -209,6 +212,12 @@ SECTIONS
 		__smpalt_end = .;
 	}
 #endif
+	.rel.dyn : ALIGN(8) {
+		__rel_begin = .;
+		*(.rel .rel.* .rel.dyn)
+	}
+	__rel_end = ADDR(.rel.dyn) + SIZEOF(.rel.dyn);
+
 	.init.pv_table : {
 		__pv_table_begin = .;
 		*(.pv_table)
diff --git a/include/linux/hidden.h b/include/linux/hidden.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..781fb6f0c742
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/hidden.h
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+/*
+ * GCC assumes that we are building shared libraries or hosted binaries
+ * when the -fpic or -fpie switches are used. This results in all references
+ * to symbols with external linkage to be redirected via entries in the global
+ * offset table (GOT), which keeps .text pages clean and reduces the footprint
+ * of CoWed dirty pages to the GOT itself. It also allows symbol preemption,
+ * which is mandatory under ELF rules for shared libraries.
+ *
+ * For the kernel, we use PIC so that we can relocate the executable image at
+ * runtime. This does not involve CoW or symbol preemption, and we'd rather
+ * have relative references instead of absolute ones whenever possible.
+ * So set the default visibility to hidden: this informs the compiler that
+ * none of our symbols will ever be exported from a shared library, allowing
+ * it to use relative references where possible.
+ *
+ * Note that simply passing -fvisibility=hidden is not sufficient to achieve
+ * this: In that case, definitions will be marked hidden, but declarations
+ * will not, and we still end up with GOT entries unnecessarily.
+ */
+#pragma GCC visibility push(hidden)
diff --git a/scripts/module-common.lds b/scripts/module-common.lds
index d61b9e8678e8..55bb41f32c8a 100644
--- a/scripts/module-common.lds
+++ b/scripts/module-common.lds
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ SECTIONS {
 	/DISCARD/ : {
 		*(.discard)
 		*(.discard.*)
+		*(*.discard.*)
 	}
 
 	__ksymtab		0 : { *(SORT(___ksymtab+*)) }
-- 
2.11.0

Powered by blists - more mailing lists

Your e-mail address:

Confused about mailing lists and their use? Read about mailing lists on Wikipedia and check out these guidelines on proper formatting of your messages.