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Date: Fri, 11 Aug 2017 09:45:19 +0100
From: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@....com>
To: Yao Qi <yao.qi@....com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
	linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-arch@...r.kernel.org,
	arnd@...db.de, jiong.wang@....com, marc.zyngier@....com,
	catalin.marinas@....com, suzuki.poulose@....com,
	will.deacon@....com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com, kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu,
	christoffer.dall@...aro.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 07/11] arm64: add basic pointer authentication support

On Fri, Aug 11, 2017 at 08:46:28AM +0100, Yao Qi wrote:
> Hi Mark,
> 
> On 19/07/17 17:01, Mark Rutland wrote:
> >+#define HWCAP_APIA           (1 << 16)
> 
> Can you rename it to HWCAP_ARM64_APIA or HWCAP_ARM_APIA?  When we
> use it in user space, at least in GDB, we usually do this,
> 
> #ifndef HWCAP_APIA
> #define HWCAP_APIA (1 << 16)
> #endif
> 
> However, the code use this macro can be compiled on !arm64 host.
> If HWCAP_APIA is defined on other !arm64 host and its value is not
> (1 << 16), the program "aarch64_hwcap & HWCAP_APIA ? XXX : XXX;" is
> wrong, and compiler doesn't complain.
> 
> I notice that mips, mn10300, sparc, and s390 define their HWCAP this
> way, like HWCAP_SPARC_FLUSH, HWCAP_MIPS_R6, HWCAP_S390_DFP, etc.

(Sticking my oar in because this would apply to HWCAP_SVE too.)

It would have been a good idea I guess, but historically arm, arm64, x86
(for the one HWCAP2_* flag I can find) and unicore32 don't do this.
That can't change now without an API break, and changing the naming
scheme just for new hwcaps just seems messy.

Including multiple arches' headers in the same compilation unit isn't
guaranteed to work sensibly at all AFAICT -- it seems best no to rely
on it.

In the above, you could be doing something like

#ifdef HWCAP_APIA
#if HWCAP_APIA != (1 << 16)
#error "HWCAP_APIA value mismatch"
#else
#undef HWCAP_APIA
#endif
#endif

#define HWCAP_APIA (1 << 16)

...or...

#define HWCAP_ARM64_APIA (1 << 16)

(i.e., unconditionally, and with a well-behaved compile-time error if
there is a definition already).

[...]

Cheers
---Dave

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