Date: Fri, 4 Aug 2017 21:30:49 -0300 From: Joao Moreira <jmoreira@...e.de> To: Li Kun <hw.likun@...wei.com>, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org> Cc: "kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com" <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com> Subject: Re: [RFD] Is there any plan to port the RAP feature from PAX/Grsecurity to main line ? hi, I'm Joao, I talk for kCFI :) On 08/04/2017 07:31 AM, Li Kun wrote: > > > 在 2017/8/4 13:13, Kees Cook 写道: >> On Thu, Aug 3, 2017 at 9:23 PM, Li Kun <hw.likun@...wei.com> wrote: >>> Is there any plan to port the RAP feature from PAX/Grsecurity to main >>> line ? >>> I think that will be a realy effective approach to protect against >>> ROP/JOP. >> Yeah, RAP is pretty great! I'm not aware of anyone working on >> upstreaming the plugin (and its many function declaration fixes and >> other adjustments) currently, though. > I will try to upstream it. > If i have any progress or trouble, i will show it here:) >> >> I've also been interested to see if kCFI will be published soon, >> which would be another option (it needs fewer kernel changes, but has >> limitations like needing to build the kernel twice). While the code >> isn't released yet, they did provide a comparison to RAP which is >> an interesting read. So, we wanted to have it released some time ago, but life happened and unfortunately, I had to share my time between this and other projects. As you are speaking of "upstreamability", I see kCFI as an interesting start-point, but it is blurry to believe that it would be mergeable into the kernel. kCFI was/is a research project, willing to enable CFI experimentation in the kernel space. It never was understood as a product. Because of that, we took many decisions in the past that would benefit this aspect of the work, instead of making it super maintainable or attachable. Some of these decisions were: 1st, kCFI is implemented on top of LLVM; 2nd, some of the most interesting features of kCFI require two compilation rounds (and we didn't even care about it, because we were just trying to prove a point in making achievable kernel CFI more fine-grained); 3rd, we never ported it to newer kernel versions, instead we preferred to evaluate different approaches and solutions in that very same code-base (Linux kernel 3.19); 4th, kCFI requires many external tools (which perform binary analyses, CFG fixes, etc). Just to illustrate why we took these paths think about, for example, not tagging all functions uniquely based on their prototype. I mean, if you have a function FOO and a function BAR, both with the same prototype, but such prototype never appears in a pointer declaration throughout source code, why do you need them having the same tags? This would allow FOO returning to a BAR's call-site, and BAR returning to a FOO's call-site. Yet, to know that such function pointer does not exist, we had to run a full compilation round before instrumenting, performing a source-code analysis. Given all the above I would say that someone interested in making CFI upstream, should not get demotivated by kCFI. > That looks awsome. Does it have any schedule to release the code? No, we don't have a release schedule. Our current plans are to finish some final tests that we are doing, run some more benchmarks/use-cases so we can extend a bit our false-positive coverage, and then have it out as soon as possible... but well, tbh, it may take some time. If someone wants to make CFI “upstreamable”, I'm in for helping in any way I can. I would suggest that anyone willing to achieve it should first try to implement a coarse-grained scheme, have it booting and running, and only after that, think about the best way of organizing the tags so you minimize/cease the false-positives. If there is anything I can do, I’m lvwr in ##kernel-hardened or, just reach me through mail. Tks, Joao >> >> -Kees >> >>  https://github.com/kcfi/docs >>  https://github.com/kcfi/docs/blob/master/kcfi_vs_rap.txt >> >
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