Openwall GNU/*/Linux - a small security-enhanced Linux distro for servers
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Mon, 22 May 2017 16:24:39 -0700
From: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To: Daniel Micay <danielmicay@...il.com>
Cc: "kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com" <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>, 
	linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>, 
	Daniel Axtens <dja@...ens.net>, "x86@...nel.org" <x86@...nel.org>, 
	Rasmus Villemoes <linux@...musvillemoes.dk>, 
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com>, Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@...hip.com>, 
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] add the option of fortified string.h functions

On Mon, May 22, 2017 at 4:10 PM, Daniel Micay <danielmicay@...il.com> wrote:
> This adds support for compiling with a rough equivalent to the glibc
> _FORTIFY_SOURCE=1 feature, providing compile-time and runtime buffer
> overflow checks for string.h functions when the compiler determines the
> size of the source or destination buffer at compile-time. Unlike glibc,
> it covers buffer reads in addition to writes.
>
> GNU C __builtin_*_chk intrinsics are avoided because they would force a
> much more complex implementation. They aren't designed to detect read
> overflows and offer no real benefit when using an implementation based
> on inline checks. Inline checks don't add up to much code size and allow
> full use of the regular string intrinsics while avoiding the need for a
> bunch of _chk functions and per-arch assembly to avoid wrapper overhead.
>
> This detects various overflows at compile-time in various drivers and
> some non-x86 core kernel code. There will likely be issues caught in
> regular use at runtime too.
>
> Future improvements left out of initial implementation for simplicity,
> as it's all quite optional and can be done incrementally:
>
> * Some of the fortified string functions (strncpy, strcat), don't yet
>   place a limit on reads from the source based on __builtin_object_size of
>   the source buffer.
>
> * Extending coverage to more string functions like strlcat.
>
> * It should be possible to optionally use __builtin_object_size(x, 1) for
>   some functions (C strings) to detect intra-object overflows (like
>   glibc's _FORTIFY_SOURCE=2), but for now this takes the conservative
>   approach to avoid likely compatibility issues.
>
> * The compile-time checks should be made available via a separate config
>   option which can be enabled by default (or always enabled) once enough
>   time has passed to get the issues it catches fixed.
>
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Micay <danielmicay@...il.com>

Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>

This is great to have. While it was out-of-tree code, it would have
blocked at least CVE-2016-3858 from being exploitable (improper size
argument to strlcpy()). I've sent a number of fixes for
out-of-bounds-reads that this detected upstream already. If I can
collect Acks on this, I could carry it in the kspp tree for -next
along with any other fixes. Otherwise, perhaps it can go via -mm?

Thanks!

-Kees

> ---
> Changes since v2:
> - add fortified strlcpy
> - split the compile-time errors for reads and writes, and specify the parameter
> - avoid redefinition of __NO_FORTIFY in KASan-uninstrumented code already defining __NO_FORTIFY
>
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/string.h  |   5 +
>  arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c  |   5 +
>  arch/x86/include/asm/string_64.h |   5 +
>  include/linux/string.h           | 200 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  lib/string.c                     |   6 ++
>  security/Kconfig                 |   6 ++
>  6 files changed, 227 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/string.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/string.h
> index 2eb714c4639f..d0aa42907569 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/string.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/string.h
> @@ -63,6 +63,11 @@ extern int memcmp(const void *, const void *, size_t);
>  #define memcpy(dst, src, len) __memcpy(dst, src, len)
>  #define memmove(dst, src, len) __memmove(dst, src, len)
>  #define memset(s, c, n) __memset(s, c, n)
> +
> +#ifndef __NO_FORTIFY
> +#define __NO_FORTIFY /* FORTIFY_SOURCE uses __builtin_memcpy, etc. */
> +#endif
> +
>  #endif
>
>  #endif
> diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
> index b3c5a5f030ce..43691238a21d 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
> @@ -409,3 +409,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *extract_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
>         debug_putstr("done.\nBooting the kernel.\n");
>         return output;
>  }
> +
> +void fortify_panic(const char *name)
> +{
> +       error("detected buffer overflow");
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/string_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/string_64.h
> index 733bae07fb29..3c5b26e07b85 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/string_64.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/string_64.h
> @@ -77,6 +77,11 @@ int strcmp(const char *cs, const char *ct);
>  #define memcpy(dst, src, len) __memcpy(dst, src, len)
>  #define memmove(dst, src, len) __memmove(dst, src, len)
>  #define memset(s, c, n) __memset(s, c, n)
> +
> +#ifndef __NO_FORTIFY
> +#define __NO_FORTIFY /* FORTIFY_SOURCE uses __builtin_memcpy, etc. */
> +#endif
> +
>  #endif
>
>  #define __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY_MCSAFE 1
> diff --git a/include/linux/string.h b/include/linux/string.h
> index 537918f8a98e..66dc841e4c5e 100644
> --- a/include/linux/string.h
> +++ b/include/linux/string.h
> @@ -187,4 +187,204 @@ static inline const char *kbasename(const char *path)
>         return tail ? tail + 1 : path;
>  }
>
> +#define __FORTIFY_INLINE extern __always_inline __attribute__((gnu_inline))
> +#define __RENAME(x) __asm__(#x)
> +
> +void fortify_panic(const char *name) __noreturn __cold;
> +void __read_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter");
> +void __read_overflow2(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 2nd parameter");
> +void __write_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected write beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter");
> +
> +#if !defined(__NO_FORTIFY) && defined(__OPTIMIZE__) && defined(CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE)
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcpy(char *p, const char *q)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0);
> +       if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1)
> +               return __builtin_strcpy(p, q);
> +       if (strscpy(p, q, p_size < q_size ? p_size : q_size) < 0)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return p;
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size)
> +               __write_overflow();
> +       if (p_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __builtin_strncpy(p, q, size);
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcat(char *p, const char *q)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (p_size == (size_t)-1)
> +               return __builtin_strcat(p, q);
> +       if (strlcat(p, q, p_size) >= p_size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return p;
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *p)
> +{
> +       __kernel_size_t ret;
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (p_size == (size_t)-1)
> +               return __builtin_strlen(p);
> +       ret = strnlen(p, p_size);
> +       if (p_size <= ret)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +extern __kernel_size_t __real_strnlen(const char *, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(strnlen);
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *p, __kernel_size_t maxlen)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       __kernel_size_t ret = __real_strnlen(p, maxlen < p_size ? maxlen : p_size);
> +       if (p_size <= ret)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/* defined after fortified strlen to reuse it */
> +extern size_t __real_strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t) __RENAME(strlcpy);
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE size_t strlcpy(char *p, const char *q, size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t ret;
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0);
> +       if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1)
> +               return __real_strlcpy(p, q, size);
> +       ret = strlen(q);
> +       if (size) {
> +               size_t len = (ret >= size) ? size - 1 : ret;
> +               if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len >= p_size)
> +                       __write_overflow();
> +               if (len >= p_size)
> +                       fortify_panic(__func__);
> +               __builtin_memcpy(p, q, len);
> +               p[len] = '\0';
> +       }
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/* defined after fortified strlen and strnlen to reuse them */
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count)
> +{
> +       size_t p_len, copy_len;
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0);
> +       if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1)
> +               return __builtin_strncat(p, q, count);
> +       p_len = strlen(p);
> +       copy_len = strnlen(q, count);
> +       if (p_size < p_len + copy_len + 1)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       __builtin_memcpy(p + p_len, q, copy_len);
> +       p[p_len + copy_len] = '\0';
> +       return p;
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size)
> +               __write_overflow();
> +       if (p_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __builtin_memset(p, c, size);
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) {
> +               if (p_size < size)
> +                       __write_overflow();
> +               if (q_size < size)
> +                       __read_overflow2();
> +       }
> +       if (p_size < size || q_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __builtin_memcpy(p, q, size);
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) {
> +               if (p_size < size)
> +                       __write_overflow();
> +               if (q_size < size)
> +                       __read_overflow2();
> +       }
> +       if (p_size < size || q_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __builtin_memmove(p, q, size);
> +}
> +
> +extern void *__real_memscan(void *, int, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(memscan);
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *memscan(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size)
> +               __read_overflow();
> +       if (p_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __real_memscan(p, c, size);
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE int memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) {
> +               if (p_size < size)
> +                       __read_overflow();
> +               if (q_size < size)
> +                       __read_overflow2();
> +       }
> +       if (p_size < size || q_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __builtin_memcmp(p, q, size);
> +}
> +
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size)
> +               __read_overflow();
> +       if (p_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __builtin_memchr(p, c, size);
> +}
> +
> +void *__real_memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n) __RENAME(memchr_inv);
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr_inv(const void *p, int c, size_t size)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size)
> +               __read_overflow();
> +       if (p_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __real_memchr_inv(p, c, size);
> +}
> +
> +extern void *__real_kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) __RENAME(kmemdup);
> +__FORTIFY_INLINE void *kmemdup(const void *p, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
> +{
> +       size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> +       if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size)
> +               __read_overflow();
> +       if (p_size < size)
> +               fortify_panic(__func__);
> +       return __real_kmemdup(p, size, gfp);
> +}
> +#endif
> +
>  #endif /* _LINUX_STRING_H_ */
> diff --git a/lib/string.c b/lib/string.c
> index 1c1fc9187b05..a6ee1955a701 100644
> --- a/lib/string.c
> +++ b/lib/string.c
> @@ -978,3 +978,9 @@ char *strreplace(char *s, char old, char new)
>         return s;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(strreplace);
> +
> +void fortify_panic(const char *name)
> +{
> +       panic("detected buffer overflow in %s", name);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(fortify_panic);
> diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
> index 93027fdf47d1..0e5035d720ce 100644
> --- a/security/Kconfig
> +++ b/security/Kconfig
> @@ -154,6 +154,12 @@ config HARDENED_USERCOPY_PAGESPAN
>           been removed. This config is intended to be used only while
>           trying to find such users.
>
> +config FORTIFY_SOURCE
> +       bool "Harden common functions against buffer overflows"
> +       help
> +         Detect overflows of buffers in common functions where the compiler
> +         can determine the buffer size.
> +
>  config STATIC_USERMODEHELPER
>         bool "Force all usermode helper calls through a single binary"
>         help
> --
> 2.13.0
>



-- 
Kees Cook
Pixel Security

Powered by blists - more mailing lists

Your e-mail address:

Confused about mailing lists and their use? Read about mailing lists on Wikipedia and check out these guidelines on proper formatting of your messages.