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Date: Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:44:07 +0200
From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net>
To: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        David Drysdale
 <drysdale@...gle.com>,
        "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@...ssion.com>,
        James Morris <james.l.morris@...cle.com>, Jann Horn <jann@...jh.net>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Matthew Garrett <mjg59@...f.ucam.org>,
        Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@...il.com>,
        Paul Moore <paul@...l-moore.com>, Sargun Dhillon <sargun@...gun.me>,
        "Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, Thomas Graf <tgraf@...g.ch>,
        Will Drewry <wad@...omium.org>,
        "kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com" <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>,
        Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-security-module <linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>,
        Network Development <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v6 04/11] landlock: Add LSM hooks related to
 filesystem


On 19/04/2017 00:17, Kees Cook wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 28, 2017 at 4:46 PM, Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net> wrote:
>> Handle 33 filesystem-related LSM hooks for the Landlock filesystem
>> event: LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_EVENT_FS.
>>
>> A Landlock event wrap LSM hooks for similar kernel object types (e.g.
>> struct file, struct path...). Multiple LSM hooks can trigger the same
>> Landlock event.
>>
>> Landlock handle nine coarse-grained actions: read, write, execute, new,
>> get, remove, ioctl, lock and fcntl. Each of them abstract LSM hook
>> access control in a way that can be extended in the future.
>>
>> The Landlock LSM hook registration is done after other LSM to only run
>> actions from user-space, via eBPF programs, if the access was granted by
>> major (privileged) LSMs.
>>
>> Changes since v5:
>> * split hooks.[ch] into hooks.[ch] and hooks_fs.[ch]
>> * add more documentation
>> * cosmetic fixes
>>
>> Changes since v4:
>> * add LSM hook abstraction called Landlock event
>>   * use the compiler type checking to verify hooks use by an event
>>   * handle all filesystem related LSM hooks (e.g. file_permission,
>>     mmap_file, sb_mount...)
>> * register BPF programs for Landlock just after LSM hooks registration
>> * move hooks registration after other LSMs
>> * add failsafes to check if a hook is not used by the kernel
>> * allow partial raw value access form the context (needed for programs
>>   generated by LLVM)
>>
>> Changes since v3:
>> * split commit
>> * add hooks dealing with struct inode and struct path pointers:
>>   inode_permission and inode_getattr
>> * add abstraction over eBPF helper arguments thanks to wrapping structs
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net>
>> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
>> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>
>> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
>> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@...emloft.net>
>> Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@...cle.com>
>> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
>> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@...lyn.com>
>> ---
>>  include/linux/lsm_hooks.h    |   5 +
>>  security/landlock/Makefile   |   4 +-
>>  security/landlock/hooks.c    | 115 +++++++++
>>  security/landlock/hooks.h    | 177 ++++++++++++++
>>  security/landlock/hooks_fs.c | 563 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  security/landlock/hooks_fs.h |  19 ++
>>  security/landlock/init.c     |  13 +
>>  security/security.c          |   7 +-
>>  8 files changed, 901 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>  create mode 100644 security/landlock/hooks.c
>>  create mode 100644 security/landlock/hooks.h
>>  create mode 100644 security/landlock/hooks_fs.c
>>  create mode 100644 security/landlock/hooks_fs.h
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h b/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h
>> index e29d4c62a3c8..884289166a0e 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/lsm_hooks.h
>> @@ -1920,5 +1920,10 @@ void __init loadpin_add_hooks(void);
>>  #else
>>  static inline void loadpin_add_hooks(void) { };
>>  #endif
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK
>> +extern void __init landlock_add_hooks(void);
>> +#else
>> +static inline void __init landlock_add_hooks(void) { }
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK */
>>
>>  #endif /* ! __LINUX_LSM_HOOKS_H */
>> diff --git a/security/landlock/Makefile b/security/landlock/Makefile
>> index 7205f9a7a2ee..c0db504a6335 100644
>> --- a/security/landlock/Makefile
>> +++ b/security/landlock/Makefile
>> @@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
>> +ccflags-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK) += -Werror=unused-function
> 
> Why is this needed? If it can't be avoided, a comment should exist
> here explaining why.

This is useful to catch defined but unused hooks: error out if a
HOOK_NEW_FS(foo) is not used with a HOOK_INIT_FS(foo) in the struct
security_hook_list landlock_hooks.

> 
>> [...]
>> @@ -127,3 +132,11 @@ static struct bpf_prog_type_list bpf_landlock_type __ro_after_init = {
>>         .ops = &bpf_landlock_ops,
>>         .type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_LANDLOCK,
>>  };
>> +
>> +void __init landlock_add_hooks(void)
>> +{
>> +       pr_info("landlock: Version %u", LANDLOCK_VERSION);
>> +       landlock_add_hooks_fs();
>> +       security_add_hooks(NULL, 0, "landlock");
>> +       bpf_register_prog_type(&bpf_landlock_type);
> 
> I'm confused by the separation of hook registration here. The call to
> security_add_hooks is with count=0 is especially weird. Why isn't this
> just a single call with security_add_hooks(landlock_hooks,
> ARRAY_SIZE(landlock_hooks), "landlock")?

Yes, this is ugly with the new security_add_hooks() with three arguments
but I wanted to split the hooks definition in multiple files.

The current security_add_hooks() use lsm_append(lsm, &lsm_names) which
is not exported. Unfortunately, calling multiple security_add_hooks()
with the same LSM name would register multiple names for the same LSM…
Is it OK if I modify this function to not add duplicated entries?


> 
>> +}
>> diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
>> index d0e07f269b2d..a3e9f4625991 100644
>> --- a/security/security.c
>> +++ b/security/security.c
>> @@ -64,10 +64,15 @@ int __init security_init(void)
>>         loadpin_add_hooks();
>>
>>         /*
>> -        * Load all the remaining security modules.
>> +        * Load all remaining privileged security modules.
>>          */
>>         do_security_initcalls();
>>
>> +       /*
>> +        * Load potentially-unprivileged security modules at the end.
>> +        */
>> +       landlock_add_hooks();
> 
> Oh, is this to make it last in the list? Is there a reason it has to be last?

Right, this is the intend. I'm not sure it is the only way to register
hooks, though.

For an unprivileged access-control, we don't want to give the ability to
any process to do some checks, through an eBPF program, on kernel
objects (e.g. files) if they should not be accessible (because of a
following LSM hook check).

 Mickaël



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