Openwall GNU/*/Linux - a small security-enhanced Linux distro for servers
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Date: Mon, 10 Apr 2017 12:26:12 -0700
From: Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com>
To: Djalal Harouni <tixxdz@...il.com>
Cc: Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
 Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
 Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
 kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com,
 LSM List <linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>,
 Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>, Dongsu Park <dpark@...teo.net>,
 James Morris <james.l.morris@...cle.com>, "Serge E. Hallyn"
 <serge@...lyn.com>, Paul Moore <paul@...l-moore.com>,
 Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@...ove.sakura.ne.jp>,
 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC v2 1/3] LSM: Allow per LSM module per "struct
 task_struct" blob.

On 4/10/2017 11:30 AM, Djalal Harouni wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 10, 2017 at 5:50 PM, Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com> wrote:
>> On 4/9/2017 3:42 AM, Djalal Harouni wrote:
>>> From: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@...ove.SAKURA.ne.jp>
>>>
>>> Since several modules are planning to use per "struct task_struct" blob,
>>> we need a layer for isolating it. Therefore, this patch introduces per LSM
>>> module per "struct task_struct" blob.
>>>
>>> It would be possible to remember location in security_hook_heads.task_alloc
>>> list and undo up to the corresponding security_hook_heads.task_free list
>>> when task_alloc hook failed. But this patch calls all task_free hooks
>>> without checking whether the corresponding task_alloc hook was called
>>> since most modules should be able to handle this correctly.
>>>
>>> How to calculate amount of needed bytes and allocate memory for initial
>>> task is a chicken-or-egg syndrome. We need to know how many bytes needs
>>> to be allocated for initial task's security blobs before security_init()
>>> is called. But security_reserve_task_blob_index() which calculates amount
>>> of needed bytes is called from security_init(). We will need to split
>>> module registration into three steps. The first step is call
>>> security_reserve_task_blob_index() on all modules which should be
>>> activated. The second step is allocate memory for the initial task's
>>> security blob. The third step is actually activate all modules which
>>> should be activated.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Djalal Harouni <tixxdz@...il.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@...ove.SAKURA.ne.jp>
>> While I appreciate your enthusiasm, I would really like
>> to see a mechanism for managing all of the blobs as being
>> potentially shared rather than just the task blob. With
>> infrastructure blob management being the general case we
>> could stack any set of existing modules that does not
>> include both SELinux and Smack. (AppArmor is threatening
>> to join that set, but we're still waiting on that) I
> Yes! most of the other kernel maintainers I discussed the feature with
> did not even believe or knew that LSM stacking is possible! Some other
> kernel frameworks are being replaced with new ones (I'm not sure if
> the old ones were perfect!)... but what I'm trying to say is that we
> should make it easy for dynamic LSM plugins model so they can explore
> the interface, and maybe after some time the whole framework will even
> be replaced with a better one...

I'm not committing to dynamic modules, but I am working
to make sure I don't do anything to prevent someone else
from doing it in the future. There are a good number of
people who find the notion of dynamic security policy
disturbing.

> Thanks to your effort and others we may achieve it, but I don't think
> that delaying features for a perfect implementation is the best way.
> During linuxcon 2016 Europe you said that there should be a new kind
> of LSMs, that's why I think we should make it easy for that to happen.

I agree that it's better to use a work-around today then to
let the shortcomings of the existing infrastructure stop you
from getting your job done.

>
>> think it's a bad idea to go ahead with one implementation
>> for task blobs without taking care of the others.
> Ok. Sorry if I missed this, but could you please point me why this
> could be a bad idea ?

It's a whole lot easier to maintain one sort of blob
management then a different kind for each blob. It would
be lots cleaner to have a single call that tells the
infrastructure how much space you need for all your blobs
than a separate interface for each.

> As I understand it, these are internal details that could be replaced.
> My first implementation used resizable concurrent hashtables that are
> heavily used in the networking code and it worked, and I easily
> converted the module to use Tetsuo's approach since I didn't see any
> objection for it, and it continued to work. Maybe the point should be
> *which* LSM should use the task->security and how ? The
> ModAutoRestrict module is a simple LSM which could easily work with
> any provided solution.

So I see.

> That being said, I could convert the module back and stick with
> rhashtables for now since it does not conflict with any module and it
> works well. I would like to avoid same history where Apparmor, Smack
> and TOMOYO all suffered to get mainlined, even Yama due to some
> requests...  Then I can convert the module back to use the same LSM
> infrastructure if you maintainers think that how it should go, that's
> totally fine by me. Yama internally could use the same task blob but
> it is avoiding conflicts by using lists to manage its internal data,
> that's the same design with ModAutoRestrict and rhashtables.

I think that would be the prudent approach. There is still
the possibility that blob sharing (or full stacking, if you
prefer) won't be accepted any time soon.

> Thank you for the comment!
>

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