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Date: Fri, 3 Feb 2017 13:08:40 -0800
From: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
To: Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@...linux.org.uk>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@...hat.com>, Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@...driver.com>, 
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>, 
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>, "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@...isc-linux.org>, 
	Helge Deller <deller@....de>, Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@...ibm.com>, 
	Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@...ibm.com>, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>, 
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, "x86@...nel.org" <x86@...nel.org>, 
	Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>, "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>, Len Brown <len.brown@...el.com>, 
	Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>, Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>, Jessica Yu <jeyu@...hat.com>, 
	"linux-doc@...r.kernel.org" <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>, LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, 
	"linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org" <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>, 
	linux-parisc <linux-parisc@...r.kernel.org>, 
	"linux-s390@...r.kernel.org" <linux-s390@...r.kernel.org>, Linux PM list <linux-pm@...r.kernel.org>, 
	"kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com" <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>, Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv2 1/2] arch: Move CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA and
 CONFIG_SET_MODULE_RONX to be common

On Fri, Feb 3, 2017 at 12:29 PM, Russell King - ARM Linux
<linux@...linux.org.uk> wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 03, 2017 at 11:45:56AM -0800, Kees Cook wrote:
>> On Fri, Feb 3, 2017 at 9:52 AM, Laura Abbott <labbott@...hat.com> wrote:
>> > diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
>> > index 99839c2..22ee01e 100644
>> > --- a/arch/Kconfig
>> > +++ b/arch/Kconfig
>> > @@ -781,4 +781,32 @@ config VMAP_STACK
>> >           the stack to map directly to the KASAN shadow map using a formula
>> >           that is incorrect if the stack is in vmalloc space.
>> >
>> > +config ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
>> > +       def_bool n
>> > +
>> > +config ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
>> > +       def_bool n
>> > +
>> > +config DEBUG_RODATA
>> > +       def_bool y if !ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
>> > +       prompt "Make kernel text and rodata read-only" if ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
>>
>> Ah! Yes, perfect. I totally forgot about using conditional "prompt"
>> lines. Nice!
>
> It's no different from the more usual:
>
>         bool "Make kernel text and rodata read-only" if ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
>         default y if !ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS
>         depends on ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
>
> But... I really don't like this - way too many negations and negatives
> which make it difficult to figure out what's going on here.
>
> The situation we have today is:
>
> -config DEBUG_RODATA
> -       bool "Make kernel text and rodata read-only"
> -       depends on MMU && !XIP_KERNEL
> -       default y if CPU_V7
>
> which is "allow the user to select DEBUG_RODATA if building a MMU non-XIP
> kernel", suggesting that the user turns it on for ARMv7 CPUs.
>
> That changes with this and the above:
>
> +       select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX if MMU && !XIP_KERNEL
> +       select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX if MMU
> +       select ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS if !CPU_V7
>
> This means that ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX is set for a MMU non-XIP
> kernel, which carries the same pre-condition for DEBUG_RODATA - no
> problem there.
>
> However, ARCH_NO_STRICT_RWX_DEFAULTS is set for non-ARMv7 CPUs, which
> means the "Make kernel text and rodata read-only" prompt _is_ provided
> for those.  However, for all ARMv7 systems, we go from "suggesting that
> the user enables the option" to "you don't have a choice, you get this
> whether you want it or not."
>
> I'd prefer to keep it off for my development systems, where I don't
> care about kernel security.  If we don't wish to do that as a general
> rule, can we make it dependent on EMBEDDED?
>
> Given that on ARM it can add up to 4MB to the kernel image - there
> _will_ be about 1MB before the .text section, the padding on between
> __modver and __ex_table which for me is around 626k, the padding
> between .notes and the init sections start with .vectors (the space
> between __ex_table and end of .notes is only 4124, which gets padded
> up to 1MB) and lastly the padding between the .init section and the
> data section (for me around 593k).  This all adds up to an increase
> in kernel image size of 3.2MB on 14.2MB - an increase of 22%.
>
> So no, I'm really not happy with that.

Ah yeah, good point. We have three cases: unsupported, mandatory,
optional, but we have the case of setting the default for the optional
case. Maybe something like this?

config STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
  bool "Make kernel text and rodata read-only" if ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX
  depends on ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
  default ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX_DEFAULT

unsupported:
!ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX

mandatory:
ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
!ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX

optional:
ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX
with default controlled by ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX_DEFAULT

Then arm is:
  select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX if MMU && !XIP_KERNEL
  select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX if MMU
  select ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX if ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
  select ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX_DEFAULT if CPU_V7

x86 and arm64 are:
  select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
  select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX

?

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook
Pixel Security

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