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Date: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 16:08:54 +0530
From: Shubham Bansal <>
To: Kees Cook <>,
	Daniel Borkmann <>,
	Mircea Gherzan <>
Subject: arch: arm: bpf: Converting cBPF to eBPF for arm 32 bit

Hi all,

Please ignore last copy of this mail. Kernel mailing lists bounced my
last mail back because of HTML content.

Just starting a new thread with proper heading on the main kernel
hardening and net-dev mailing list so that other people can be involved
in this. Please don't take this as a personal mail.

I am working on conversion of arm32 cBPF into eBPF JIT. I wanted some
help, regarding understanding of kernel code, from the dev available on
the mailing list. If you look at the ./arch/arm/net/bpf_jit_32.c code,
you will see jit_ctx structure. If anybody could help me understand what
each fields of this structure represent then it would be great.

Also, currently I am mapping the eBPF registers to arm 32 bit registers
in the following way.

> static const int bpf2a32[] = {
>         /* return value from in-kernel function, and exit value from
>         eBPF
> */
>         [BPF_REG_0] = ARM_R0,
>         /* arguments from eBPF program to in-kernel function */
>         [BPF_REG_1] = ARM_R1,
>         [BPF_REG_2] = ARM_R2,
>         [BPF_REG_3] = ARM_R3,
>         [BPF_REG_4] = ARM_R4,
>         [BPF_REG_5] = ARM_R5,
>         /* callee saved registers that in-kernel function will
>         preserve */
>         [BPF_REG_6] = ARM_R6,
>         [BPF_REG_7] = ARM_R7,
>         [BPF_REG_8] = ARM_R8,
>         [BPF_REG_9] = ARM_R9,
>         /* Read only Frame Pointer to access Stack */
>         [BPF_REG_FP] = ARM_FP,
>         /* Temperory Register for internal BPF JIT */
>         [TMP_REG_1] = ARM_R11,
>         /* temporary register for blinding constants */
>         [BPF_REG_AX] = ARM_R10,
> };

But I have some question if anybody could help with those.

1.) Currently, as eBPF uses 64 bit registers, I am mapping 64 bit eBPF
registers with 32 bit arm registers which looks wrong to me. Do anybody
have some idea about how to map eBPF->arm 32 bit registers ?
2.) Also, is my current mapping good enough to make the JIT fast enough ?
because as you might know, eBPF JIT mostly depends on 1-to-1 mapping of
its instructions with native instructions.

Appreciate the help from anybody from the mailing list.

Shubham Bansal

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