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Date: Tue, 9 Aug 2016 13:56:10 +0200
From: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <>
To: Jiri Kosina <>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <>, Linux PM list <>, 
	Thomas Garnier <>, "the arch/x86 maintainers" <>, 
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <>, Yinghai Lu <>, 
	Thomas Gleixner <>, Ingo Molnar <>, "H . Peter Anvin" <>, 
	Kees Cook <>, Pavel Machek <>, 
	Kernel Hardening <>, Borislav Petkov <>
Subject: Re: [Resend][PATCH] x86/power/64: Always create temporary identity
 mapping correctly

On Tue, Aug 9, 2016 at 11:23 AM, Jiri Kosina <> wrote:
> On Mon, 8 Aug 2016, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
>> The low-level resume-from-hibernation code on x86-64 uses
>> kernel_ident_mapping_init() to create the temoprary identity mapping,
>> but that function assumes that the offset between kernel virtual
>> addresses and physical addresses is aligned on the PGD level.
>> However, with a randomized identity mapping base, it may be aligned
>> on the PUD level and if that happens, the temporary identity mapping
>> created by set_up_temporary_mappings() will not reflect the actual
>> kernel identity mapping and the image restoration will fail as a
>> result (leading to a kernel panic most of the time).
>> To fix this problem, rework kernel_ident_mapping_init() to support
>> unaligned offsets between KVA and PA up to the PMD level and make
>> set_up_temporary_mappings() use it as approprtiate.
>> Reported-by: Thomas Garnier <>
>> Suggested-by: Yinghai Lu <>
>> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
>> Acked-by: Yinghai Lu <>
>> ---
>> This is sort of urgent, because hibernation doesn't work with KASLR on x86-64
>> in 4.8-rc1 AFAICS and this should make them work together again.
>> Unless anyone sees any problems with it, I'll queue it up for 4.8-rc2.
>> Thomas, would it be possible to test it with KASLR enabled, please?
> Unfortunately this applied on top of -rc1 still doesn't solve the reboot
> after reading hibernation image (I'd guess due to triple fault) with
> With CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY=n, the system resumes correctly.

Here's a list of commits from Thomas that are related to memory randomization.

210e7a43fa90 mm: SLUB freelist randomization
7c00fce98c3e mm: reorganize SLAB freelist randomization
4ff5308744f5 x86/mm: Do not reference phys addr beyond kernel
90397a417796 x86/mm: Add memory hotplug support for KASLR memory randomization
a95ae27c2ee1 x86/mm: Enable KASLR for vmalloc memory regions
021182e52fe0 x86/mm: Enable KASLR for physical mapping memory regions
0483e1fa6e09 x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions
b234e8a09003 x86/mm: Separate variable for trampoline PGD
faa379332f3c x86/mm: Add PUD VA support for physical mapping
59b3d0206d74 x86/mm: Update physical mapping variable names
d899a7d146a2 x86/mm: Refactor KASLR entropy functions

I wonder if it is viable to revert them one by one top-to-bottom and
see which one of them causes things to fail?


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