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Date: Mon, 11 Jul 2016 13:54:05 -0700
From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
To: x86@...nel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc: linux-arch@...r.kernel.org,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
	Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@...il.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Brian Gerst <brgerst@...il.com>,
	"kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com" <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
	Jann Horn <jann@...jh.net>,
	Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@...ibm.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v5 32/32] fork: Cache two thread stacks per cpu if CONFIG_VMAP_STACK is set

vmalloc is a bit slow, and pounding vmalloc/vfree will eventually
force a global TLB flush.

To reduce pressure on them, if CONFIG_VMAP_STACK, cache two thread
stacks per cpu.  This will let us quickly allocate a hopefully
cache-hot, TLB-hot stack under heavy forking workloads (shell script
style).

On my silly pthread_create benchmark, it saves about 2 ┬Ás per
pthread_create+join with CONFIG_VMAP_STACK=y.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
---
 kernel/fork.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 53 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 3003edae90fc..e8e21134ba23 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -159,15 +159,41 @@ void __weak arch_release_thread_stack(unsigned long *stack)
  * kmemcache based allocator.
  */
 # if THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE || defined(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
+/*
+ * vmalloc is a bit slow, and calling vfree enough times will force a TLB
+ * flush.  Try to minimize the number of calls by caching stacks.
+ */
+#define NR_CACHED_STACKS 2
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_struct *, cached_stacks[NR_CACHED_STACKS]);
+#endif
+
 static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
-	void *stack = __vmalloc_node_range(THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE,
-					   VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
-					   THREADINFO_GFP | __GFP_HIGHMEM,
-					   PAGE_KERNEL,
-					   0, node,
-					   __builtin_return_address(0));
+	void *stack;
+	int i;
+
+	local_irq_disable();
+	for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
+		struct vm_struct *s = this_cpu_read(cached_stacks[i]);
+
+		if (!s)
+			continue;
+		this_cpu_write(cached_stacks[i], NULL);
+
+		tsk->stack_vm_area = s;
+		local_irq_enable();
+		return s->addr;
+	}
+	local_irq_enable();
+
+	stack = __vmalloc_node_range(THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE,
+				     VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
+				     THREADINFO_GFP | __GFP_HIGHMEM,
+				     PAGE_KERNEL,
+				     0, node, __builtin_return_address(0));
 
 	/*
 	 * We can't call find_vm_area() in interrupt context, and
@@ -187,10 +213,28 @@ static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node)
 
 static inline void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
 {
-	if (task_stack_vm_area(tsk))
+#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
+	if (task_stack_vm_area(tsk)) {
+		unsigned long flags;
+		int i;
+
+		local_irq_save(flags);
+		for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
+			if (this_cpu_read(cached_stacks[i]))
+				continue;
+
+			this_cpu_write(cached_stacks[i], tsk->stack_vm_area);
+			local_irq_restore(flags);
+			return;
+		}
+		local_irq_restore(flags);
+
 		vfree(tsk->stack);
-	else
-		free_kmem_pages((unsigned long)tsk->stack, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
+		return;
+	}
+#endif
+
+	free_kmem_pages((unsigned long)tsk->stack, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
 }
 # else
 static struct kmem_cache *thread_stack_cache;
-- 
2.7.4

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