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Date: Thu, 18 Feb 2016 13:07:24 +0100
From: Arnd Bergmann <>
To: Ard Biesheuvel <>
Cc: PaX Team <>, Laura Abbott <>, Kees Cook <>, Greg Kroah-Hartman <>, Mark Rutland <>, Jeremy Linton <>, "" <>, LKML <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] lkdtm: add test for executing .rodata

On Thursday 18 February 2016 12:34:50 Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> We have __section() as an alias for __attribute__((__section__())), so
> we could use that instead.
> However, that does not fix the issue Kees is trying to solve, where a
> .rodata section is emitted with the "x" bit set, which causes the
> linker to complain:
> /tmp/cc50ffWw.s: Assembler messages:
> /tmp/cc50ffWw.s:2: Warning: setting incorrect section attributes for
> .rodata.text
> I wonder if we could get away with doing something like
> AFLAGS_lkdtm.o += -Wa,-W
> here? This just hides the warnings, but may result in the .rodata
> section in the vmlinux file to have X permissions as well. I don't
> think anyone uses an ELF loader to load their kernel, but who knows
> ...

Don't we also get a warning when we link objects with conflicting
section attributes?

Maybe a solution would be to define a separate section for this one
function, and then use a linker script to move it into .rodata?
Or maybe "objcopy --set-section-flags  --rename-section"?


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