Date: Thu, 4 May 2017 23:27:15 +0200 From: magnum <john.magnum@...hmail.com> To: john-users@...ts.openwall.com Subject: Re: Max characters for password candidates (NTLM) and others On 2017-05-04 23:00, Rob Fuller wrote: > After checking > > ./john --list=format-details --format=nt > NT 81 > > (thx Solardiz) > > I tried cracking a known pass/hash combo: > > Password: Onceuponatimeinepisode5season2 > NTLM Hash: CB4D7AFFB476FD9B39A1447C1A66B564 > > And it didn't work. Posted here: > https://github.com/magnumripper/JohnTheRipper/issues/2529 > > Anyone know what I might be doing wrong? This is not really a bug, it's more of a quirk. The NT formats have a max length of 27 *characters* (for performance reasons). That is true even with Unicode characters, since the format uses UTF-16 internally. The problem is that in order to get 27 Unicode characters we might need (up to) 81 *bytes* of UTF-8 input, so in case you run --input-encoding=utf8 (which is the default now), that is what we set. Most of legacy john code can't tell the difference between bytes and characters, and the result is what you see. We're pretty much stuck with this problem. The only way to solve all Unicode issues with all crackers (including but not limited to JtR and hashcat) would be (I think) to re-write them from scratch, and treating all strings as UTF-32 internally, almost everywhere. When we're at it, I'd also use "pascal strings", that is, store length first. That would come very handy in many situations and speed things up. The end result would, I believe, not be significantly slower than current code, only better. In some cases it'd be quite a lot faster but in some cases we'd blow caches and get a regression. magnum
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