Date: Wed, 3 Mar 2010 01:04:19 +0300 From: Solar Designer <solar@...nwall.com> To: john-users@...ts.openwall.com Subject: gcc version, Core i7 Hi, I thought that some of you could want to be building JtR with a newer version of gcc (GNU C compiler) than whatever version your system has installed globally. gcc version makes almost no difference for 32-bit x86 builds of the official JtR since almost all performance-critical code is written in assembly anyway, but on other architectures (especially x86-64) and for other hash types (those added with the jumbo patch) it could make a difference (speedups of 10% to 20% when going from gcc 3.x to 4.4.x are sometimes seen). I created a wiki page with instructions on building and using gcc 4.4.3 (the latest stable release as of this writing) under a non-root account on a Unix-like system (tested on a 64-bit Linux install on a Core i7 machine, which had gcc 3.4.5 installed globally): http://openwall.info/wiki/internal/gcc-local-build I and others also made some benchmarks of JtR that show the differences between gcc 3.4.x and 4.x on x86-64: http://openwall.info/wiki/john/benchmarks Of the hashes supported by the official JtR, these differences on x86-64 are mostly limited to MD5-based and Blowfish-based crypt(3) hashes, because DES is mostly implemented in assembly anyway. Similar differences are also seen for some of the hash types added with the jumbo patch (but this is not seen on the benchmarks page). Speaking of Core i7, its "Hyperthreading" works surprisingly well, so it does make sense to run more instances of JtR than the CPU's number of physical cores (up to the number of logical CPUs, such as 8). The speedup achieved with this reduces as you make the code more optimal (such as by going from a 32-bit to a 64-bit build, and by upgrading gcc). This is understandable because "Hyperthreading" specifically takes advantage of otherwise-idle execution units, and the average number of those decreases with more optimal code. So optimizing the code and running more instances of it in parallel are two ways to achieve the same goal - make use of the otherwise-idle execution units. Alexander
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