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Date: Fri, 29 Jun 2012 15:26:50 +0300
From: Milen Rangelov <>
Subject: Re: Re: Re: md5 internals question


If we select D from round 64, we can predict all the bits that influence it
> without knowing the input back until A48. This is because it mixes in W
> bits
> at R60 from W[4] (all zero), R56 from W[8] (all zero), R52 from W[12] (all
> zero), and finally R48 from (unfortunately) W[0], which is part of the
> input
> message and cannot be predicted.
> So we manage to skip 3 rounds that mix in input bits, and so for the common
> case only have to do 48 rounds!
W[0] is not the stopper. You can skip some more steps past 48 provided that
you can keep W[1]..W[3] constant for the reverse calculations. You may
check that thread:


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