Date: Wed, 11 May 2022 08:42:11 +0200 (CEST) From: Daniel Stenberg <daniel@...x.se> To: curl security announcements -- curl users <curl-users@...ts.haxx.se>, curl-announce@...ts.haxx.se, libcurl hacking <curl-library@...ts.haxx.se>, oss-security@...ts.openwall.com Subject: [SECURITY ADVISORY] curl: HSTS bypass via trailing dot HSTS bypass via trailing dot ============================ Project curl Security Advisory, May 11 2022 - [Permalink](https://curl.se/docs/CVE-2022-30115.html) VULNERABILITY ------------- curl's HSTS check could be bypassed to trick it to keep using HTTP. Using its HSTS support, curl can be instructed to use HTTPS directly instead of using an insecure clear-text HTTP step even when HTTP is provided in the URL. This mechanism could be bypassed if the host name in the given URL used a trailing dot while not using one when it built the HSTS cache. Or the other way around - by having the trailing dot in the HSTS cache and *not* using the trailing dot in the URL. Since trailing dots in host names are somewhat special, many sites work equally fine with or without a trailing dot present. We are not aware of any exploit of this flaw. INFO ---- This flaw was introduced in [commit b27ad8e1d3e68e](https://github.com/curl/curl/commit/b27ad8e1d3e68e), shipped in curl 7.82.0 when the treatment of trailing dot host names was changed. Similar issues have been raised in the past for [Firefox](https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/security/advisories/mfsa2015-13/) and for [Chrome](https://bugs.chromium.org/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=461481). The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CVE-2022-30115 to this issue. CWE-319: Cleartext Transmission of Sensitive Information Severity: Medium AFFECTED VERSIONS ----------------- - Affected versions: curl 7.82.0 to and including 7.83.0 - Not affected versions: curl < 7.82.0 and curl >= 7.83.1 libcurl is used by many applications, but not always advertised as such! THE SOLUTION ------------ A [fix for CVE-2022-30115](https://github.com/curl/curl/commit/fae6fea209a2d4d) RECOMMENDATIONS -------------- A - Upgrade curl to version 7.83.1 B - Apply the patch to your local version C - Stick to always using `HTTPS://` in URLs TIMELINE -------- This issue was reported to the curl project on May 3, 2022. We contacted distros@...nwall on May 5. libcurl 7.83.1 was released on May 11 2022, coordinated with the publication of this advisory. CREDITS ------- This issue was reported by Axel Chong. Patched by Daniel Stenberg. Thanks a lot! -- / daniel.haxx.se | Commercial curl support up to 24x7 is available! | Private help, bug fixes, support, ports, new features | https://curl.se/support.html
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