Date: Wed, 9 Mar 2022 19:31:22 -0500 From: Phil Pennock <oss-security-phil@...dhuis.org> To: oss-security@...ts.openwall.com Cc: pdp@...s.io Subject: CVE-2022-26652: nats-server arbitrary file write CVE: CVE-2022-26652 Date: 2022-03-09 Background: NATS.io is a high performance open source pub-sub distributed communication technology, built for the cloud, on-premise, IoT, and edge computing. JetStream is the optional RAFT-based resilient persistent feature of NATS. Problem Description: The JetStream streams can be backed up and restored via NATS. The backup format is a tar archive file. Inadequate checks on the filenames within the archive file permit a so-called "Zip Slip" attack in the stream restore. NATS nats-server through 2022-03-09 (fixed in release 2.7.4) did not correctly sanitize elements of the archive file, thus a user of NATS could cause the NATS server to write arbitrary content to an attacker-controlled filename. Affected versions: NATS Server: * 2.2.0 up to and including 2.7.3. + Introduced with JetStream Restore functionality * Fixed with nats-io/nats-server: 2.7.4 * Docker image: nats <https://hub.docker.com/_/nats> * NB users of OS package files from our releases: a change in goreleaser defaults, discovered late in the release process, moved the install directory from /usr/local/bin to /usr/bin; we are evaluating the correct solution for subsequent releases, but not recutting this release. NATS Streaming Server * 0.15.0 up to and including 0.24.2 * Fixed with nats-io/nats-streaming-server: 0.24.3 * Embeds a nats-server, but this server is the old approach which JetStream replaces, so unlikely (but not impossible) to be configured with JS support Workarounds: * Disable JetStream for untrusted users. * If only one NATS account uses JetStream, such that cross-user attacks are not an issue, and any user in that account with access to the JetStream API is fully trusted anyway, then appropriate sandboxing techniques will prevent exploit. + Eg, with systemd, the supplied util/nats-server-hardened.service example configuration demonstrates that NATS runs fine as an unprivileged user under ProtectSystem=strict and PrivateTmp=true restrictions; by only opening a ReadWritePaths hole for the JetStream storage area, the impact of this vulnerability is limited. Solution: Upgrade the NATS server to at least 2.7.4. We fully support the util/nats-server-hardened.service configuration for running a NATS server and encourage this approach. Credits: This issue was reported (on 2022-03-07) to the NATS Maintainers by Yiming Xiang, TIANJI LAB of NSFOCUS. Thank you / 谢谢你！ References: * This document is canonically: <https://advisories.nats.io/CVE/CVE-2022-26652.txt> Download attachment "signature.asc" of type "application/pgp-signature" (229 bytes)
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