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Date: Wed, 9 Mar 2022 19:31:22 -0500
From: Phil Pennock <>
Subject: CVE-2022-26652: nats-server arbitrary file write

CVE: CVE-2022-26652
Date: 2022-03-09

Background: is a high performance open source pub-sub distributed communication
technology, built for the cloud, on-premise, IoT, and edge computing.

JetStream is the optional RAFT-based resilient persistent feature of NATS.

Problem Description:

The JetStream streams can be backed up and restored via NATS.
The backup format is a tar archive file.
Inadequate checks on the filenames within the archive file permit a
so-called "Zip Slip" attack in the stream restore.

NATS nats-server through 2022-03-09 (fixed in release 2.7.4) did not
correctly sanitize elements of the archive file, thus a user of NATS
could cause the NATS server to write arbitrary content to an
attacker-controlled filename.

Affected versions:

NATS Server:
 * 2.2.0 up to and including 2.7.3.
   + Introduced with JetStream Restore functionality
 * Fixed with nats-io/nats-server: 2.7.4
 * Docker image:  nats <>
 * NB users of OS package files from our releases: a change in
   goreleaser defaults, discovered late in the release process, moved
   the install directory from /usr/local/bin to /usr/bin; we are
   evaluating the correct solution for subsequent releases, but not
   recutting this release.

NATS Streaming Server
 * 0.15.0 up to and including 0.24.2
 * Fixed with nats-io/nats-streaming-server: 0.24.3
 * Embeds a nats-server, but this server is the old approach which
   JetStream replaces, so unlikely (but not impossible) to be
   configured with JS support


 * Disable JetStream for untrusted users.
 * If only one NATS account uses JetStream, such that cross-user attacks
   are not an issue, and any user in that account with access to the
   JetStream API is fully trusted anyway, then appropriate sandboxing
   techniques will prevent exploit.
   + Eg, with systemd, the supplied util/nats-server-hardened.service
     example configuration demonstrates that NATS runs fine as an
     unprivileged user under ProtectSystem=strict and PrivateTmp=true
     restrictions; by only opening a ReadWritePaths hole for the
     JetStream storage area, the impact of this vulnerability is limited.


Upgrade the NATS server to at least 2.7.4.

We fully support the util/nats-server-hardened.service configuration
for running a NATS server and encourage this approach.


This issue was reported (on 2022-03-07) to the NATS Maintainers by
Yiming Xiang, TIANJI LAB of NSFOCUS.
Thank you / 谢谢你!


 * This document is canonically:

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