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Date: Fri, 10 Dec 2021 21:52:26 +0100
From: Timur Olzhabayev <>
Subject: CVE-2021-43813 and CVE-2021-43815 - Grafana directory traversal for
 some .md and .csv files

We released Grafana 8.3.2 and 7.5.12 on December 10th. This patch release
includes a moderate severity security fix for directory traversal for:

   - arbitrary .md files: CVE-2021-43813, Grafana 5.0.0 to 8.3.1, and
   - arbitrary .csv files: CVE-2021-43815, Grafana 8.0.0-beta3 to 8.3.1.

The vulnerabilities are limited in scope, and only allow access to files
with the extension .md or .csv to authenticated users. The .csv vulnerability
requires a developer testing tool called TestData DB
<> data source
to be enabled and configured, and this feature is not enabled per default.

Thanks to our defense-in-depth approach, at no time has Grafana Cloud
<> been vulnerable.

This is a follow-up patch to our recent CVE-2021-43798
<> release. If
you haven’t read about that high severity security fix, we recommend you
review the initial blog post
with our update on the 0day

Given the attention CVE-2021-43798 has brought, there’s a risk that
additional researchers will find CVE-2021-43813. Out of an abundance of
caution and given that both CVE-2021-43813 and CVE-2021-43815 are only CVSS
Score 4.3 Moderate CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N through
their limited scope, we are immediately releasing to the public and on a

We identified several vulnerability issues in the last few weeks and at a
higher rate than in the years before. The infosec industry usually comes
together after a few CVEs, and we benefit from that extra scrutiny.
Although it can be difficult, ultimately it’s for the overall benefit of
Grafana and the community. Please know that this is a top priority for us.
We are spending significant resources on this in the remainder of 2021
already, including full outside assessment. We will continue and increase
this investment in 2022 and beyond.

Release 8.3.2, only containing a security fix:

   - <>Download Grafana 8.3.2
   - Release notes

Release 7.5.12, only containing a security fix:

   - Download Grafana 7.5.12 <>
   - Release notes

Directory Traversal (CVE-2021-43813

CVSS Score: 4.3 Moderate CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N,
Grafana versions 5.0.0 to 8.3.1

On 2021-12-09, GitHub Security Labs notified us of a vulnerability through
which authenticated users could read out fully lowercase or fully uppercase
.md files through directory traversal. Doing our own follow-up
investigation we found a related vulnerability through which authenticated
users could read out arbitrary .csv files through directory traversal.
Thanks to our defense-in-depth approach, at no time has Grafana Cloud
<> been vulnerable.

The vulnerable URL path is: /api/plugins/.*/markdown/.* for .md files
Affected versions with moderate severity

CVE-2021-43813: Grafana 5.0.0 to 8.3.1
CVE-2021-43815: Grafana 8.0.0-beta3 to 8.3.1
Solutions and mitigations

All installations between 5.0.0 and 8.3.1 should be upgraded as soon as

If you cannot upgrade, running a reverse proxy in front of Grafana that
normalizes the PATH of the request will mitigate the vulnerability. The
proxy will have to also be able to handle url encoded paths. Alternatively,
for fully lowercase or fully uppercase .md files, you can block
/api/plugins/.*/markdown/.* without losing any functionality beyond inlined
plugin help text.

To mitigate the csv path traversal vulnerability all configured TestData DB
<> data
sources (a UI testing data source that is disabled by default) should be
Detecting exploits

Search your request logs for requests matching ..%2f.
Timeline and postmortem

Here is a detailed timeline starting from when we originally learned of the
issue. All times in UTC.

   - 2021-12-09 14:32 - Github Security Labs notify us about the .md
   - 2021-12-09 15:02 - Incident channel is open and announced
   - 2021-12-09 15:11 - CVE is requested / GitHub Advisory is created
   - 2021-12-09 15:20 - Investigation into potentially related issues
   - 2021-12-09 15:22 - Issue reproduced and confirmed that it is limited
   to *.md files
   - 2021-12-09 15:27 - Confirmed that Hosted Grafana is protected by the
   reverse proxy, similar to previous CVE
   - 2021-12-09 16:07 - Possibly /api/ds/query is affected and might be
   leveraged to read .csv files via path traversal
   - 2021-12-09 16:10 - PR with a possible fix the markdown path traversal
   is raised in private mirror repo
   - 2021-12-09 16:42 - We have confirmed that .csv files are also affected
   in some cases
   - 2021-12-09 19:05 - Fix confirmed
   - 2021-12-09 23:00: Decision release to direct to public on 2021-12-10
   14:30 UTC
   - 2021-12-09 23:36: Announcement email sent to customers
   - 2021-12-10 10:11: Decision to split out .csv vulnerability into its
   own CVE
   - 2021-12-10: Public release


We would like to thank the GitHub Security Lab team
<> for responsibly disclosing the initial
issue to us.
Reporting security Issues

If you think you have found a security vulnerability, please send a report
to This address can be used for all of Grafana Labs'
open source and commercial products (including but not limited to Grafana,
Grafana Cloud, Grafana Enterprise, and We can accept only
vulnerability reports at this address. We would prefer that you encrypt
your message to us by using our PGP key. The key fingerprint is

F988 7BEA 027A 049F AE8E 5CAA D125 8932 BE24 C5CA

The key is available from
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