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Date: Mon, 14 Oct 2019 09:00:31 -0600
From: "Todd C. Miller" <>
Subject: Sudo: CVE-2019-14287

Sudo 1.8.28 has been today, October 14th, 2019 which includes a fix
for the following security-related issue which has been assigned
CVE-2019-14287.  The information below is also available at

Potential bypass of Runas user restrictions

When sudo is configured to allow a user to run commands as an arbitrary
user via the ALL keyword in a Runas specification, it is possible
to run commands as root by specifying the user ID -1 or 4294967295.

This can be used by a user with sufficient sudo privileges to run
commands as root even if the Runas specification explicitly disallows
root access as long as the ALL keyword is listed first in
the Runas specification.

Log entries for commands run this way will list the target user as
4294967295 instead of root.  In addition, PAM session modules will
not be run for the command.

Sudo versions affected:
Sudo versions prior to 1.8.28 are affected.

This vulnerability has been assigned CVE-2019-14287 in the Common
Vulnerabilities and Exposures database.

Exploiting the bug requires that the user have sudo privileges that
allow them to run commands with an arbitrary user ID.  Typically,
this means that the user's sudoers entry has the special value ALL
in the Runas specifier.

Sudo supports running a command with a user-specified user name or
user ID, if permitted by the sudoers policy.  For example, the
following sudoers entry allow the id command to be run as any user
because it includes the ALL keyword in the Runas specifier.

    myhost alice = (ALL) /usr/bin/id

Not only is user "alice" is able to run the id command as any valid
user, she is also able to run it as an arbitrary user ID by using
the "#uid" syntax, for example:

    sudo -u#1234 id -u

would return 1234.

However, the setresuid(2) and setreuid(2) system calls, which sudo
uses to change the user ID before running the command, treat user
ID -1 (or its unsigned equivalent 4294967295), specially and do not
change the user ID for this value.  As a result,

    sudo -u#-1 id -u

    sudo -u#4294967295 id -u

will actually return 0.  This is because the sudo command itself
is already running as user ID 0 so when sudo tries to change to
user ID -1, no change occurs.

This results in sudo log entries that report the command as being
run by user ID 4294967295 and not root (or user ID 0).  Additionally,
because the user ID specified via the -u option does not exist in
the password database, no PAM session modules will be run.

If a sudoers entry is written to allow the user to run a command
as any user except root, the bug can be used to avoid this restriction.
For example, given the following sudoers entry:

    myhost bob = (ALL, !root) /usr/bin/vi

User bob is allowed to run vi as any user but root.  However, due
to the bug, bob is actually able to run vi as root by running "sudo
-u#-1 vi", violating the security policy.

Only sudoers entries where the ALL keyword is present in the Runas
specifier are affected.  For example, the following sudoers entry
is unaffected:

    myhost alice = /usr/bin/id

In this example, alice is only allowed to run the id command as root.
Any attempt to run the command as a different user will be denied.

The bug is fixed in sudo 1.8.28.

Joe Vennix from Apple Information Security found and analyzed the

See attached patch for sudo 1.8.27.

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