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Date: Tue, 13 Sep 2016 22:11:42 +0300
From: watashiwaher <watashiwaher@...il.com>
To: oss-security@...ts.openwall.com
Subject: libxml with CGI fix

Hi, huys! There is a known httpoxy vulnerability ( https://httpoxy.org/ ).
There is a problem with CGI usage in all application which use libxml2
library. Attacker can make requests via attacker proxy from target server
using this vulnerability. I reported this problem in the 5th august, but
developers didn't reply me at all, and I don't know if they want to
response.

So here is my original report to libxml2 team (with patch):

There is a security problem in libxml2.
>
> Problem:
> There is a httpoxy vulnerability in libxml2 ( http://libpoxy.org )
> It affects the usage of libxml2 inside CGI applications.
>
> libxml2 is used in many popular products. So if someone of these popular products will be used inside CGI script, attacker will be able to override HTTP_PROXY environment variable by placing Proxy header with desired proxy name. It will affect the usage of xmlNanoHTTPInit function inside nanohttp.c. Requests will go through proxies of the attacker.
>
> Possible solutions:
> I found 2 possible solutions.
> 1) Use HTTP_PROXY variable in lower case
>    (Curl style)
>    It works because CGI variables are sent only in upper case.
>    But doesn't work on windows because getenv is not case
>    sensitive in the Windows operating system.
> 2) Do not accept HTTP_PROXY variable when REQUEST_METHOD environment variable defined.
>    (Python style)
>    It works because REQUEST_METHOD variable indicates that CGI is used.
>    But there is a problem with windows (we can't use HTTP_PROXY in CGI at all)
>    and with other operation systems (where HTTP_PROXY is already used in uppercase )
>
> I made a mall patch that uses both solutions in the same time. It doesn't accept HTTP_PROXY when REQUEST_METHOD defined. In non windows OS it accepts it in lower case anyway, in windows it doesn't accept it.
>
> Example of vulnerability (what I found):

First time I found httpoxy vulnerability in perlmagick

( http://www.imagemagick.org/script/perl-magick.php )



Code like this was used inside CGI script:
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
> Image::Magick->New()->Get('http://somesite.com/somefile.txt');
> <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<



Actually this code called ImageMagick to download this file.
> Inside Imagemagick code was like this:
> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
> char
> buffer[MaxBufferExtent],
> *type; int
> bytes; void
> *context; type=(char *) NULL;
> context=xmlNanoHTTPMethod(filename,(const char *) NULL,
> (const char *) NULL,&type,(const char *) NULL,0);
> if (context != (void *) NULL)
> {
> ssize_t
> count; while ((bytes=xmlNanoHTTPRead(context,buffer,MaxBufferExtent)) > 0)
> count=(ssize_t) fwrite(buffer,bytes,1,file);
> (void) count;
> xmlNanoHTTPClose(context);
> xmlFree(type);
> xmlNanoHTTPCleanup();
> }
> <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<



And finally xmlNanoHTTPInit inside libxml2 function used environment
> variable HTTP_PROXY. I want to say that developers of any software which
> uses libxml2 may not know about httpoxy vulnerability and about the
> possibility of usage HTTP_PROXY variable with libxml2 library.


> Example of vulnerability (what I found):
>
> First time I found httpoxy vulnerability in perlmagick
> ( http://www.imagemagick.org/script/perl-magick.php )
>
> Code like this was used inside CGI script:>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
> Image::Magick->New()->Get('http://somesite.com/somefile.txt');
> <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>
> Actually this code called ImageMagick to download this file.
> Inside Imagemagick code was like this:>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
> char
>   buffer[MaxBufferExtent],
>   *type;
>
> int
>   bytes;
>
> void
>   *context;
>
> type=(char *) NULL;
> context=xmlNanoHTTPMethod(filename,(const char *) NULL,
>   (const char *) NULL,&type,(const char *) NULL,0);
> if (context != (void *) NULL)
>   {
>     ssize_t
>       count;
>
>     while ((bytes=xmlNanoHTTPRead(context,buffer,MaxBufferExtent)) > 0)
>       count=(ssize_t) fwrite(buffer,bytes,1,file);
>     (void) count;
>     xmlNanoHTTPClose(context);
>     xmlFree(type);
>     xmlNanoHTTPCleanup();
>   }
> <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>
> And finally xmlNanoHTTPInit inside libxml2 function used environment variable HTTP_PROXY.
>
> I want to say that developers of any software which uses libxml2 may not know about httpoxy vulnerability and about the possibility of usage HTTP_PROXY variable with libxml2 library.
> The easiest way to fix possible vulnerability everywhere is just to fix it inside libxml2.
>
>
Patch address: https://bugzilla.gnome.org/attachment.cgi?id=332806

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