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Date: Sun, 6 Jan 2013 03:23:51 +0100
From: magnum <>
To: "" <>
Subject: Markov UTF-8 magic (Was: [john-users] Incremental attack properties questions)

On 5 Jan, 2013, at 14:29 , Frank Dittrich <> wrote:
> On 01/05/2013 01:11 PM, Frank Dittrich wrote:
>> Since Markov mode generates words based on 2-byte-frequencies, and since
>> it generates passwords shorter than maximum length, there will be a
>> non-neglectable number of words with invalid utf-8 characters,
>> especially at the end of the word. So you might need to combine --markov
>> with an --external filter.
> If you don't want to write a general-purpose utf-8 validity check, but
> just one which checks --markov output based on stats files which have
> been generated using a word list encoded in (valid) UTF-8, then this
> task is quite simple:
> If the last byte is < 0x80, the word is valid.
> Else if the last byte is > 0xbf, the word is invalid.
> Else if the second to last byte is >= 0xc0 and <= 0xdf, the word is valid.
> Else if the third to last byte is >= 0xe0 and <= 0xef, the word is valid.
> Else if the forth to last byte is >= 0xf0 and <= 0xf7, the word is valid.
> Else the word is invalid.

I'm thinking I could include this in the Markov mode itself, provided we run with --enc=utf8. Would that be sane?


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