Date: Sun, 1 Apr 2012 15:03:03 +0400 From: Solar Designer <solar@...nwall.com> To: john-dev@...ts.openwall.com Cc: Per Thorsheim <per@...rsheim.net>, Sprengers.Martijn@...g.nl Subject: MD5-crypt on Nvidia GPUs tips Lukas, all - Per Thorsheim tweeted this link: http://2012.sharcs.org/slides/sprengers.pdf While you've probably already implemented many of the same optimizations, this is worth taking a look at. FWIW, @hashcat's reply was: "@thorsheim @Bitweasil @Openwall oclHashcat is deprecated since long time. If you want to compete hashcat you have to beat oclHashcat-lite." Martijn - you show some weird speed number (not even a number) for John the Ripper. I wonder where you got that one? Well, my guess is that it's a non-OpenMP build of non-jumbo, or/and maybe a non-optimal make target. We have plenty of faster speeds here: http://openwall.info/wiki/john/benchmarks I haven't added that one yet, but the fastest per CPU chip (for one chip) I am getting is 203k c/s for FX-8120 (or 220k c/s with some overclocking). This is not an expensive CPU - it's about $200. That's with 8 threads and with XOP instructions in use (the latter will be in the next -jumbo - available on github, but not released for end-users yet). The fastest currently on the wiki (for already released code) is 851k c/s for four CPU chips (very expensive ones, though). The XOP code (trivial changes over what we previously had, actually): http://www.openwall.com/lists/john-dev/2012/03/18/3 We also have GPU code for John the Ripper here: http://openwall.info/wiki/john/GPU It is slower than hashcat's, though. (IIRC, I get around 630k c/s without tuning on my GTX 570 1600 MHz. To do: need to try tuning it for the card.) There doesn't appear to be a published MD5-crypt speed number for oclHashcat-lite (does it even support that?), but for oclHashcat-plus it is 1197k c/s for GTX 570 1600 MHz, 9914.3k c/s for 2x6990 (so about 2500k per GPU chip). The latter is roughly 12.5 times faster than what I currently get on CPU (non-overclocked) per-chip. Granted, 7970 will probably do a bit faster per-chip (it's just one chip there), but then FX-8120 is 2-3 times cheaper than the 7970 card. (A motherboard plus FX-8120 cost me twice less than a 7970 did.) Of course, GPUs are faster than CPUs at suitable tasks, but the speedup of 25-30 times given on the slide may be an over-estimate for MD5-crypt on current GPUs vs. current CPUs (per chip). BTW, given that GTX 295 a dual-GPU card, it could be fairly compared against _two_ CPU chips of the same age (e.g., dual quad-core Xeons). 2xE5420 2.5 GHz (a machine that is several years old now) gives 215k c/s with john-1.7.9-jumbo-5 (released last year). So the demonstrated speedup over CPU is only 4x then? ;-) Alternatively, we need to be talking about ease and costs of building multi-GPU vs. multi-CPU systems. Yes, GPUs have additional advantage here. Systems with 8 GPUs (four dual-GPU cards) are affordable to hobbyists, whereas servers with 8 CPUs are a lot pricier (even if the individual chips cost the same to produce). That's so for marketing reasons, I think. On the other hand, machines with mostly-idle CPUs tend to be readily available at any a given company (and in large quantities), whereas high-end GPUs would need to be specifically purchased for the password cracking. So the comparison is not simple if we try to consider these things. Alexander
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