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Date: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 17:13:25 +0000
From: Xen.org security team <security@....org>
To: xen-announce@...ts.xen.org, xen-devel@...ts.xen.org,
 xen-users@...ts.xen.org, oss-security@...ts.openwall.com
CC: Xen.org security team <security-team-members@....org>
Subject: Xen Security Advisory 243 (CVE-2017-15592) - x86: Incorrect
 handling of self-linear shadow mappings with translated guests

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            Xen Security Advisory CVE-2017-15592 / XSA-243
                               version 5

 x86: Incorrect handling of self-linear shadow mappings with translated guests

UPDATES IN VERSION 5
====================

New final patch, addressing a hypervisor crash the original fix caused,
which by itself represents another security issue (DoS).

ISSUE DESCRIPTION
=================

The shadow pagetable code uses linear mappings to inspect and modify the
shadow pagetables.  A linear mapping which points back to itself is known as
self-linear.  For translated guests, the shadow linear mappings (being in a
separate address space) are not intended to be self-linear.  For
non-translated guests, the shadow linear mappings (being the same
address space) are intended to be self-linear.

When constructing a monitor pagetable for Xen to run on a vcpu with, the shadow
linear slot is filled with a self-linear mapping, and for translated guests,
shortly thereafter replaced with a non-self-linear mapping, when the guest's
%cr3 is shadowed.

However when writeable heuristics are used, the shadow mappings are used as
part of shadowing %cr3, causing the heuristics to be applied to Xen's
pagetables, not the guest shadow pagetables.

While investigating, it was also identified that PV auto-translate mode was
insecure.  This mode was removed in Xen 4.7 due to being unused, unmaintained
and presumed broken.  We are not aware of any guest implementation of PV
auto-translate mode.

IMPACT
======

A malicious or buggy HVM guest may cause a hypervisor crash, resulting in a
Denial of Service (DoS) affecting the entire host, or cause hypervisor memory
corruption.  We cannot rule out a guest being able to escalate its privilege.

VULNERABLE SYSTEMS
==================

All versions of Xen are vulnerable.

HVM guests using shadow mode paging can exploit this vulnerability.
HVM guests using Hardware Assisted Paging (HAP) as well as PV guests
cannot exploit this vulnerability.

ARM systems are not vulnerable.

MITIGATION
==========

Running only PV guests will avoid this vulnerability.

Where the HVM guest is explicitly configured to use shadow paging (eg
via the `hap=0' xl domain configuration file parameter), changing to
HAP (eg by setting `hap=1') will avoid exposing the vulnerability to
those guests.  HAP is the default (in upstream Xen), where the
hardware supports it; so this mitigation is only applicable if HAP has
been disabled by configuration.

CREDITS
=======

This issue was discovered by Andrew Cooper of Citrix.

RESOLUTION
==========

Applying the appropriate attached set of patches resolves this issue.

xsa243-[12].patch            xen-unstable, Xen 4.9.x
xsa243-{4.8-1,2}.patch       Xen 4.8.x
xsa243-{4.7-1,2}.patch       Xen 4.7.x
xsa243-{4.6-[12],2}.patch    Xen 4.6.x
xsa243-4.{6-1,5-[23]}.patch  Xen 4.5.x

$ sha256sum xsa243*
a5b484db80346f7e75c7921ee4780567f04b9f9b4620c0cde4bfa1df3ac0f87f  xsa243-1.patch
013cff90312305b7f4ce6818a25760bcfca61bfadd860b694afa04d56e60c563  xsa243-2.patch
79e1c5e088eee8e78aa67895a29d611352c64251854e4c5129e33c85988a47a5  xsa243-4.5-2.patch
b838f387747c6e45314f44202c018ad907a8119bb7d8330fc875dc4243626e78  xsa243-4.5-3.patch
722073aad1e734e24b0b79d03a1957e491f3616fe6e244a89050f7a50f8f356b  xsa243-4.6-1.patch
94cb346c486f88f2f4f701564017e1997e518a5a14218f0e38ff882c60fb382c  xsa243-4.6-2.patch
465ba9e3293591a3c84c122ffd73474fe96483f5e21565440d5fbc207fa4c4a9  xsa243-4.7-1.patch
f8e471b42502905a442d43934ac339663a6124118c9762b31f2ad930fd532e64  xsa243-4.8-1.patch
$

DEPLOYMENT DURING EMBARGO
=========================

Deployment of the patches and/or mitigations described above (or
others which are substantially similar) is permitted during the
embargo, even on public-facing systems with untrusted guest users and
administrators.

But: Distribution of updated software is prohibited (except to other
members of the predisclosure list).

Predisclosure list members who wish to deploy significantly different
patches and/or mitigations, please contact the Xen Project Security
Team.

(Note: this during-embargo deployment notice is retained in
post-embargo publicly released Xen Project advisories, even though it
is then no longer applicable.  This is to enable the community to have
oversight of the Xen Project Security Team's decisionmaking.)

For more information about permissible uses of embargoed information,
consult the Xen Project community's agreed Security Policy:
  http://www.xenproject.org/security-policy.html
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Download attachment "xsa243-1.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (4174 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-2.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (2426 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-4.5-2.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (4243 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-4.5-3.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (2377 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-4.6-1.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (1064 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-4.6-2.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (4192 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-4.7-1.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (4177 bytes)

Download attachment "xsa243-4.8-1.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (4162 bytes)

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