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Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2017 07:52:43 +0000
From: "Agostino Sarubbo" <ago@...too.org>
To: "oss-security@...ts.openwall.com" <oss-security@...ts.openwall.com>
Subject: bento4: heap-based buffer overflow in AP4_BytesToUInt32BE (Ap4Utils.h)

Description:
bento4 is a fast, modern, open source C++ toolkit for all your MP4 and MPEG DASH media format needs.

The complete ASan output of the issue:

# mp42aac $FILE out.aac
==1966==ERROR: AddressSanitizer: heap-buffer-overflow on address 0x617000000324 at pc 0x000000690d51 bp 0x7ffc25bed310 sp 0x7ffc25bed308                                                                          
READ of size 1 at 0x617000000324 thread T0                                                                                                                                                                        
    #0 0x690d50 in AP4_BytesToUInt32BE(unsigned char const*) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4Utils.h:78:22                                                                                               
    #1 0x690d50 in AP4_StszAtom::AP4_StszAtom(unsigned int, unsigned char, unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4StszAtom.cpp:85                                                
    #2 0x69036e in AP4_StszAtom::Create(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4StszAtom.cpp:51:16                                                                                
    #3 0x5ca79a in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:442:20             
    #4 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14                                        
    #5 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12                                       
    #6 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5               
    #7 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::Create(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:87                       
    #8 0x5ca44c in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:751:20             
    #9 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14                                        
    #10 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12                                      
    #11 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5              
    #12 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::Create(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:87                      
    #13 0x5ca44c in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:751:20
    #14 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #15 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #16 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #17 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::Create(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:87
    #18 0x5ca44c in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:751:20
    #19 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #20 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #21 0x60c099 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #22 0x58e6ed in AP4_TrakAtom::AP4_TrakAtom(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4TrakAtom.cpp:165:5
    #23 0x5c8e3b in AP4_TrakAtom::Create(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4TrakAtom.h:58:20
    #24 0x5c8e3b in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:377
    #25 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #26 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #27 0x60c099 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #28 0x5521b0 in AP4_MoovAtom::AP4_MoovAtom(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4MoovAtom.cpp:79:5
    #29 0x5cad1d in AP4_MoovAtom::Create(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4MoovAtom.h:56:20
    #30 0x5cad1d in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:357
    #31 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #32 0x5c75c0 in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:150:12
    #33 0x54ea2c in AP4_File::ParseStream(AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&, bool) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4File.cpp:104:12
    #34 0x54f0fa in AP4_File::AP4_File(AP4_ByteStream&, bool) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4File.cpp:78:5
    #35 0x542552 in main /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Apps/Mp42Aac/Mp42Aac.cpp:242:32
    #36 0x7f3271712680 in __libc_start_main /var/tmp/portage/sys-libs/glibc-2.23-r4/work/glibc-2.23/csu/../csu/libc-start.c:289
    #37 0x44f3f8 in _start (/usr/bin/mp42aac+0x44f3f8)

0x617000000324 is located 0 bytes to the right of 676-byte region [0x617000000080,0x617000000324)
allocated by thread T0 here:
    #0 0x53dfb0 in operator new[](unsigned long) /var/tmp/portage/sys-libs/compiler-rt-sanitizers-4.0.1/work/compiler-rt-4.0.1.src/lib/asan/asan_new_delete.cc:84
    #1 0x6909e3 in AP4_StszAtom::AP4_StszAtom(unsigned int, unsigned char, unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4StszAtom.cpp:78:33
    #2 0x69036e in AP4_StszAtom::Create(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4StszAtom.cpp:51:16
    #3 0x5ca79a in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:442:20
    #4 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #5 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #6 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #7 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::Create(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:87
    #8 0x5ca44c in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:751:20
    #9 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #10 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #11 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #12 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::Create(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:87
    #13 0x5ca44c in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:751:20
    #14 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #15 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #16 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #17 0x60b1d2 in AP4_ContainerAtom::Create(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:87
    #18 0x5ca44c in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:751:20
    #19 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #20 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #21 0x60c099 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #22 0x58e6ed in AP4_TrakAtom::AP4_TrakAtom(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4TrakAtom.cpp:165:5
    #23 0x5c8e3b in AP4_TrakAtom::Create(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4TrakAtom.h:58:20
    #24 0x5c8e3b in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:377
    #25 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #26 0x60c561 in AP4_ContainerAtom::ReadChildren(AP4_AtomFactory&, AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:193:12
    #27 0x60c099 in AP4_ContainerAtom::AP4_ContainerAtom(unsigned int, unsigned long long, bool, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4ContainerAtom.cpp:138:5
    #28 0x5521b0 in AP4_MoovAtom::AP4_MoovAtom(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4MoovAtom.cpp:79:5
    #29 0x5cad1d in AP4_MoovAtom::Create(unsigned int, AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4MoovAtom.h:56:20
    #30 0x5cad1d in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long long, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:357
    #31 0x5c7fbd in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, unsigned long long&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:220:14
    #32 0x5c75c0 in AP4_AtomFactory::CreateAtomFromStream(AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_Atom*&) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4AtomFactory.cpp:150:12
    #33 0x54ea2c in AP4_File::ParseStream(AP4_ByteStream&, AP4_AtomFactory&, bool) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4File.cpp:104:12
    #34 0x54f0fa in AP4_File::AP4_File(AP4_ByteStream&, bool) /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4File.cpp:78:5

SUMMARY: AddressSanitizer: heap-buffer-overflow /tmp/Bento4-1.5.0-617/Source/C++/Core/Ap4Utils.h:78:22 in AP4_BytesToUInt32BE(unsigned char const*)
Shadow bytes around the buggy address:
  0x0c2e7fff8010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c2e7fff8020: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c2e7fff8030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c2e7fff8040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
  0x0c2e7fff8050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
=>0x0c2e7fff8060: 00 00 00 00[04]fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c2e7fff8070: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c2e7fff8080: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c2e7fff8090: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c2e7fff80a0: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c2e7fff80b0: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
Shadow byte legend (one shadow byte represents 8 application bytes):
  Addressable:           00
  Partially addressable: 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 
  Heap left redzone:       fa
  Freed heap region:       fd
  Stack left redzone:      f1
  Stack mid redzone:       f2
  Stack right redzone:     f3
  Stack after return:      f5
  Stack use after scope:   f8
  Global redzone:          f9
  Global init order:       f6
  Poisoned by user:        f7
  Container overflow:      fc
  Array cookie:            ac
  Intra object redzone:    bb
  ASan internal:           fe
  Left alloca redzone:     ca
  Right alloca redzone:    cb
==1966==ABORTING

Affected version:
1.5.0-617

Fixed version:
N/A

Commit fix:
https://github.com/axiomatic-systems/Bento4/commit/5eb8cf89d724ccb0b4ce5f24171ec7c11f0a7647

Credit:
This bug was discovered by Agostino Sarubbo of Gentoo.

CVE:
CVE-2017-14643

Reproducer:
https://github.com/asarubbo/poc/blob/master/00341-bento4-heapoverflow-AP4_BytesToUInt32BE

Timeline:
2017-09-08: bug discovered and reported to upstream
2017-09-14: blog post about the issue
2017-09-21: CVE assigned

Note:
This bug was found with American Fuzzy Lop.
This bug was identified with bare metal servers donated by Packet. This work is also supported by the Core Infrastructure Initiative.

Permalink:
https://blogs.gentoo.org/ago/2017/09/14/bento4-heap-based-buffer-overflow-in-ap4_bytestouint32be-ap4utils-h/

--
Agostino Sarubbo
Gentoo Linux Developer


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