Date: Tue, 22 Nov 2016 12:02:05 +0000 From: Xen.org security team <security@....org> To: xen-announce@...ts.xen.org, xen-devel@...ts.xen.org, xen-users@...ts.xen.org, oss-security@...ts.openwall.com CC: Xen.org security team <security@....org> Subject: Xen Security Advisory 191 (CVE-2016-9386) - x86 null segments not always treated as unusable -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 Xen Security Advisory CVE-2016-9386 / XSA-191 version 3 x86 null segments not always treated as unusable UPDATES IN VERSION 3 ==================== Public release. ISSUE DESCRIPTION ================= The Xen x86 emulator erroneously failed to consider the unusability of segments when performing memory accesses. The intended behaviour is as follows: The user data segment (%ds, %es, %fs and %gs) selectors may be NULL in 32-bit to prevent access. In 64-bit, NULL has a special meaning for user segments, and there is no way of preventing access. However, in both 32-bit and 64-bit, a NULL LDT system segment is intended to prevent access. On Intel hardware, loading a NULL selector zeros the base as well as most attributes, but sets the limit field to its largest possible value. On AMD hardware, loading a NULL selector zeros the attributes, leaving the stale base and limit intact. Xen may erroneously permit the access using unexpected base/limit values. Ability to exploit this vulnerability on Intel is easy, but on AMD depends in a complicated way on how the guest kernel manages LDTs. IMPACT ====== An unprivileged guest user program may be able to elevate its privilege to that of the guest operating system. VULNERABLE SYSTEMS ================== The vulnerability is only exposed to HVM guests. ARM systems are NOT vulnerable. All versions of Xen are affected. However, we believe that the vulnerability cannot be exploited on Xen 4.7 by completely unprivileged guest processes, unless the VM has been explicitly configured with a non-default cpu vendor string (in xm/xl, this would be done with a `cpuid=' domain config option). MITIGATION ========== Running only PV guests will avoid this issue. CREDITS ======= This issue was discovered by Andrew Cooper of Citrix. RESOLUTION ========== Applying the appropriate attached patch resolves this issue. xsa191.patch xen-unstable, Xen 4.7.x xsa191-4.6.patch Xen 4.6.x, Xen 4.5.x, Xen 4.4.x $ sha256sum xsa191* dca534cf4d3711ea8797846a18238ca16cc9e7a24a887300db22c3ba3d95c199 xsa191.patch d95a1f0dd5c45497ca56e2e1390fc688bf0a4a7a7fd10c65ae25b4bbb3353b69 xsa191-4.6.patch $ DEPLOYMENT DURING EMBARGO ========================= Deployment of the patches and/or mitigations described above (or others which are substantially similar) is permitted during the embargo, even on public-facing systems with untrusted guest users and administrators. But: Distribution of updated software is prohibited (except to other members of the predisclosure list). Predisclosure list members who wish to deploy significantly different patches and/or mitigations, please contact the Xen Project Security Team. (Note: this during-embargo deployment notice is retained in post-embargo publicly released Xen Project advisories, even though it is then no longer applicable. This is to enable the community to have oversight of the Xen Project Security Team's decisionmaking.) For more information about permissible uses of embargoed information, consult the Xen Project community's agreed Security Policy: http://www.xenproject.org/security-policy.html -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: GnuPG v1 iQEcBAEBAgAGBQJYNDIWAAoJEIP+FMlX6CvZ4qQH/jlfd6BV63CSggCQVd0sB3a4 j7MgRZ8h0aFrCLl+0tj3QwsiW0TRDsKiTNy2xY1kxkLsQdIAeYjBddyYiJ2nbCr9 kCR2WLcWB3csf4So/85q8OMfsob7H+8PR/OsT3iY6Fo/5PzNy5wvWtU/+TRaoZIy t9OvybZ0HYhtvQ/YHv5njKZ3nyHo6MRwGpPOrzSn8UN7p+sr3DDGiuw9LNjtnepb dijO0c9artbWCjVkRlbe1w5514FH1vPleopGmXjTz/Wy5zNHWZL1RaVzh4N36ahP V1joPxt+C75iRArp6y0ncloyKjgx8pMfOzCcLp9VS6dwF3zwZ5rxxtFynlRjg94= =pUW4 -----END PGP SIGNATURE----- Download attachment "xsa191.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (5957 bytes) Download attachment "xsa191-4.6.patch" of type "application/octet-stream" (5155 bytes)
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